8573 Power

Power Supply
   Remove PSU (P70 and P75 similar)
      Open PSU
      Remove PSU Switch Guard
      Remove PSU Switch
      Fuse
 
   Metal Screws to Reassemble PSU
 
   Power Supply Checkout (Square plug pinout)
   Plasma Screen Power Plug Pinout (3x4 connector plug)
   Power Supply Fan (Remove/Install)
 
ECA 068 (Modified P70 Bus Riser)
   Modified Bus Riser Outline

ECA104 Diskette Or Disk Hangs Loading Or Reading Data / Programs
   3M 1245 Tape Embossed Copper Foil   Gleaming, Seductive Copper Foil
   Copper Tape and RFI Trivia)



P70 Trivia (applies to P75 some)
The system I am using sometimes refuses to start after power-on without any display or beep symptom. After several power on-off eventually it starts. Any idea??? 

From Peter 
   Looks like a slightly buggy power supply -or- systemboard. The PSU is a little sensible against aging and overheating after many years, because it is a known "dust collector". The PSU fan sits awkwardly mounted over the PSU and only blows half (or less) through the PSU, which causes dust particles to stay in the PSU. I would recommend that you remove it from the machine and give it a good blow with a compressor and air-nozzle to get out the dust bunnies from it. Make sure the fan is in working order. 



Power Supply
  Some P70 were upgraded with the P75 PSU. 
P70   85W/.2kva 
P75 P/N 64F8796, FRU 64F8798 100-240v 3.0A 50-60Hz Output ??W/.35kva

  General impression of P75 PSU- pretty well built for a PSU with a plastic case. The thin metal shield is only for EMI and it is quite thin. The layout of the internal components is fairly open. Which certainly helps when you are trying to blow out the dust bunnies.
   The heat sinks are 3/32" COPPER. The only discoloring on the main PCB was below the resistors R030 and R033 (56ohm, 5%, 2W wirewound). I looked at the traces on the bottom of the PSU, and they weren't burnt.

Remove Power Supply

   Remove the green/red wire and the ground strap from the left of the fan. The forward mounting screw is in the black foot underneath the rocker switch. 
#2 Use the latch on the side of the square, white power plug to unfasten it. Disconnect the small, black plug for the fan. Use diagonal cutters to remove both the nylon wire ties holding the black tubing on the plasma screen power plug. Work out the kinks and pull the tubing towards the PSU. Squeeze the tabs on the ends of the black power plug to unfasten it.
NOTE: On the P75, the floppy cable is attached to the PSU. Easier to just cut the barbed retainer, then use a nylon cable tie to fasten it.

#3 Unscrew the retaining screw from both sides of the fan (white plastic webs that come up from the PSU, mounts directly to the P75 case). 

#4  NOW you can pull the power supply straight out. Trust me, it's so much easier when the front screw is not threaded into the PSU... I found that opening the floppy and pushing down on the power switch allowed me to easily pull the PSU out.

Opening Power Supply
   First, drill out the rivets. Next, take out all the screws, including the black security torx for the fan shroud (P75 only) and the ones used to attach the ground(s) on the left of the PSU. You can't remove the top metal shield unless those screws are out!

Remove the power switch guard .Pop the top of the metal shield off. Use a knife or a small standard screwdriver to gently pry the flange over the catches. You will have to pull up on the screw retainers that are on the top of the mounting flanges


Remove the top plastic half. This gives you access to the entire inside of the PSU. You can stop disassembling the PSU and clean it.

IMPORTANT! Notice that the part I marked as "AC Plug Frame" is now only held on by the wires out of the back of the AC plug. On the P75 / late PSU, you can detach the AC Plug Frame by looking under the black tubing covered ferrite and squeezing the top half of the white plastic plug. The entire AC Plug Frame will now be free.

With the AC Plug Frame either removed or just swung away from the PSU, you may now pull the bottom half of the metal shield off.

NOTE! To reassemble the PSU, the bottom half of the exterior metal shield goes between the AC Plug Frame and the plastic frame! It sort of fits the other way, but then the rivet holes WILL NOT LINE UP.

Remove Power Switch Guard

  Far simpler than it looks. Get a small jeweler's screwdriver. On the underside of the switch guard, there is a small cutout on either side. Stick the screwdriver inside the cutout and press the latch inward. Pull up on that side of the guard so the latch is loose from the PSU frame. Repeat on other side. Now with both latches loose, pull up on guard.

Remove Power Switch
   To pull the main PCB out, you must remove the power switch (ALPS SDT-7, 5A/80A250V~). Carefully remove the two mounting screws. Be aware that the mounting posts are darned near ten years old, they're fairly thin, and they twist when you turn the screw too fast. Don't complain to me if you snapped one off, I haven't any spares.

Fuse
5A 250V~ Marked SOC SD4 D250V5A. Please remember if the fuse blew, it had to be due to SOMETHING. 

Metal Screws Used to Reassemble PSU
  After you drilled and pried everything open, you have to put it back together. Get six #8 3/8ths" metal screws (called Pan Heads). Not perfect, but they hold good enough for what we're doing. 

NOTE! For the two screws on the Power switch end (under the floppy port) you MUST grind them down by 1/8th" or they WILL bottom out against the plastic PSU frame.



Power Systems Checkout
To check power supply voltages, do the following: 

1. Power-off computer. 
2. Unplug the two power-supply connectors. 
3. Power-on the computer and check for the voltages listed below. 
   If the voltages are not correct, check the power cord for continuity. 
   If the power cord is good, replace the power supply.

Note:  If you can't power-on the computer, the hard disk drive motor-start jumper might be on . Remove the motor-start jumper. 

P75 Rectangular Plug
12 White
11 20GA Black
10, 9, 8 18GA Black
7, 6 N/C
5, 4, 3 Red
2 Orange
1 Blue
0

 

Vdc Min   Vdc Max   Ground () Pin   Positive (+) Pin
+4.8       +5.2      6, 7, or 8       3 ,4, or 5
+11.5     +12.6      6, 7, or 8            2
-11.0     -12.9      6, 7, or 8            1

Pin positions 6 and 7 are unpopulated. 

Plasma Screen Power Plug Pinout



System Unit Fan
   It is a Matsushita Panaflow DC Brushless fan, Model FBK-09A12L, DC 12v 0.1A 

Remove P70 PSU Fan
   For the P70 / early PSU, there is no metal bracket over the fan. Instead, there are two black Torx in the bottom two holes.

Remove/Install System Fan, P75 / late PSU
   You will need a T-10 security Torx. Unfortunately, you need to get at the rear of the fan cage to get at the screws. If you don't want to disassemble the system, use a 1/4" drive ratchet and a hex bit adapter (assuming your security Torx bit is a hex insert) to remove the two screws in the top two holes.

   Now pull the top outer edge out. Notice that the fan will pivot on the two white pivots at the base of the power supply. Carefully pull the power cable through the fan cage (you will have to turn the power connector to fit thru the opening). 

   Personal opinion- I noticed that the factory routing of the fan's power wires routed them through the cutouts in the thermoplastic impeller housing. But notice that the right fan cage mount for the right screw extends past that cutout, thereby allowing you to tighten the fan housing against the extension with the wires between them. Not a good design. Fix- I pulled the wires out of the cutout and ran it down the side of the housing. There is enough room between the side of the fan cage and the fan housing for the wires to fit without being crushed. 

System Unit Fan: 
  A non-functioning fan can cause heat to build up resulting in intermittent problems. If the fan is not running, replace the power supply. 



ECA068 
    Failure to load AIX, UNIX, or ZENIX. Indicates a problem with the 8573 Models 061 or 121 where it would hang when trying to load AIX, UNIX, or ZENIX. If your not doing any of these, don't worry about it. 

 MACHINES AFFECTED: 
     8573, Model 061, S/N Below 50000 
     8573, Model 121, S/N Below 50000 

 NOTE: On a 8573-121, SN 1065064, the bus interface assembly lacked the big electrolytic can. P/N 56F9047, FRU 56F9101, but had the copper tape on the PSU. I noticed slight wavering in the characters on screen in text only. 

    On an 8573-121, SN1031526, the bus interface assembly has the big electrolytic can. FRU
 65X1567. The image is rock steady in text mode. Both riser cards are silkscreened with
 iGH0256DA, 65X1308. 

Modified Bus Interface Card 

 C1 1,000uF 16v, 85c Electrolytic capacitor 
 CN2 16-bit MCA Socket (faces down) 
 CN1 32-bit MCA Socket (faces top) 

    The mod riser has the capacitor glued directly to the riser. The negative lead is soldered to the top left pin from CN1, the positive lead is soldered to the eleventh pin from the top left.
 
   Both of the P70 risers that I have (one mod, one stock) have the teeny SMD capacitor and
 resistor to the end of CN2.

ECA104 Diskette Or Disk Hangs Loading Or Reading Data / Programs  

 Systems experiencing data transfer read or write errors such as: CRC checks, post 601, 602, 10480, 10481, 10490 and 10491 errors, or other system hangs and lockups during data transfers.

P70 systems below S/N xx-xx50000 should also have ECA068 installed if a multi-tasking operating system is installed. X = any character

Some 8573 power supplies may transmit RFI that interferes with diskette and fixed disk operation.  This RFI signal could affect any 8573 system.

The types of problems that may occur include, but are not limited to the following:

1. Installing programs or transferring data to fixed disk from any source (E.G. internal or external diskette drive, tape drive etc.)
2. Backing up data from the disk to diskette or any other media.
3. Installing programs, data, or operating systems from diskette to the system.
4. Loading programs, data, or operating systems from diskette or disk to the system.
5. Saving information running on the system to diskette or fixed disk.

IMPORTANT: If the RFI level is high enough to cause a problem during data transfer an error will occur.

COPPER TAPE KIT FRU P/N 07G1680  
 This contains a diagram and twelve inches of [ONE INCH] copper tape needed for one power supply.

 To install the copper tape lift the clear plastic shield covering the side and top of the supply. Install the 1 inch wide copper tape length wise across the top and side of the supply so it covers the seam opening.  The tape prevents RFI from escaping from any space between top and side covers by ensuring conductivity between both surfaces.  RFI transmissions can escape between two electrically insulated pieces of conductive material.

NOTE:  The rear vent holes are electrically connected to each other so the RFI can not pass through them.

Errata
    -diskette or disk errors/hangs, loading/reading. Indicates an RFI problem with the P70's that caused intermittent drive failures during reading and writing. The fix was to insulate part of the power supply with 1/2" wide copper tape [typo, ONE inch] to prevent RFI leakage. There were two separate pieces of copper tape- one the full length of front horizontal seam, the second about 1" long on the seam from the corner of the ventilated end over to the long piece. 

    There is a quick way to check to see if you need this ECA, if you are familiar with opening up your machine. Open up the back of the machine and check the bus interface card, P/N 65x1567, for a 1000Mf capacitor installed on the bottom of the card. If you have this capacitor then you don't need ECA068. The capacitor apparently helps eliminate data transfer noise that can prevent the loading of multitasking operating systems.

1245 Tape Embossed Copper Foil  
3M 1245 Embossed Shielding Tape Data Sheet 

This is what the doctor ordered and why the preacher danced. IBM used this. 1245 Tape came in widths from 1/4 to 23, but 1" or a bit wider will do.

Gleaming, Seductive Copper Foil


"1245 Tape consists of an embossed 1-ounce deadsoft copper foil backing and an aggressive pressure-sensitive acrylic adhesive. The edges of the embossed pattern pressed into the foil cut through the adhesive layer to establish reliable metal-to-metal contact between the backing and the application substrate."

Technical Trivia on Copper Tape 
Don Hills wrote: 
    The copper tape is relatively expensive and has to be manually (expensively) applied. To justify using it, they would have discovered significant RFI leakage from the joint in some of the supplies. A long, thin slot makes an effective antenna for wavelengths similar to the slot length. You need effective bonding of the two metal surfaces all along the joint length. They may have tested OK when new but failed testing after the surfaces corroded slightly in service. They probably discovered it while chasing the RFI problem with the diskette drives. 

    To understand how a hair-thin slot can radiate more RF than a "swiss cheese" perforated panel, consider a half-wave dipole antenna (VHF TV antenna is a good example). It's a rod of metal surrounded by air, with the feed line connected in the middle. Now reverse the components and you have a "rod" of air surrounded by metal. Connect the feed wires to each side of the slot at the midpoint and there you are again - a half wave dipole. (The electromagnetic theory is actually a bit  more involved than that, but it illustrates the concept). 


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