AIX Operating System
IBM AIX X-Windows
Document Number SC23-2017-02
EDITION Edition Notice
Third Edition (March 1991)
This edition applies to Version 2.1 of IBM AIX/RT X-Windows
and Versions 1.1 and 1.2 of IBM AIX PS/2 X-Windows.
PREFACE About This
PREFACE.1 Who Should Read
PREFACE.2 How to Use This
PREFACE.2.2 Quick Reference
PREFACE.2.3 For Japanese
PREFACE.3 Related Publications
PREFACE About This Book
This book shows you how to use the IBM AIX X-Windows licensed
program. It provides guide information about starting, running, installing,
and customizing the X-Windows program and reference information on X-Windows
commands and error messages.
PREFACE.1 Who Should
Read This Book
This book is intended for anyone using the IBM X-Windows
program. Before you can use this program, you must have the latest
level of the AIX Operating System installed. You must also have the
level of the IBM AIX X-Windows licensed program appropriate for the type
of hardware you are using.
PREFACE.2 How to Use
If the X-Windows program is not installed, first read
Appendix A, "Installing AIX X-Windows," which gives you step-by-step instructions
for installing this program. This appendix also contains information
about installing the X-Windows example programs. Then read Chapter
1, "Getting Started with X-Windows," which shows you how to start and stop
the X-Windows program and use such window management functions as opening,
closing, moving, and resizing windows. Should you want to customize
the X-Windows program to suit your own needs or set your system up so that
you can log in automatically to X-Windows, read Chapter 3, "Customizing
The X-Windows commands are presented in alphabetic order
in Chapter 2, "X-Windows Commands." Before each command discussion
is a syntax diagram which shows you how to enter the command correctly
on the command line. This chapter also contains information to help you
understand and read the syntax diagrams used in this book. Appendix
B, "X-Windows Error Messages" lists in numeric order the error messages
you may receive while using the X-Windows program. For each error
message, a cause and corrective action is provided.
This book uses different type styles to identify certain
kinds of information. General information is printed in the standard
type style (the type style used for this sentence). Other type styles
alert the reader to special information.
Each time a new term is introduced, its first
occurrence is printed in this type style (for
example, "the AIX Operating System file system").
These terms are defined in the glossary.
The names for keys, commands, files, file names,
and other parts of the system are printed in this
type style (for example, "the aixterm command").
Variable information The names for information that you must
are printed in this type style (for example,
Command Examples Examples of commands
in this book are shown in
black in this type style (for example, aixterm
Info you are to type Information that you should type or that
on your display screen is printed in blue in this
type style (for example, select move).
Each task in Chapter 1 begins with boxed instructions.
The instructions give you the basic information you need to perform the
task. The boxed instructions are similar to these:
+--- To Use A Quick Reference Box --------------------------------------+
¦ Skip over the quick reference instructions the
first time you read ¦
¦ a section.
¦ Use the quick reference instructions as a fast
path through the ¦
¦ Refer to the boxed instructions for a quick review.
In some cases, detailed information follows the boxed instructions.
The detailed information supplements the boxed instructions and may include
descriptions, examples, and illustrations.
PREFACE.2.3 For Japanese
The X-Windows software is the prime enabling software
for multibyte character set (MBCS). Like all standard programs in
the AIX system, all commands, subcommands, and option flags must be put
in ASCII. The user must have the keyboard in ASCII entry mode for
any instructions made to the X-Windows software. After X-Windows
is operating, the user can switch the keyboard to any of the Japanese text
entry modes. For specific information on MBCS, see AIX Guide to Multibyte
Character Set (MBCS) Support and "Programming for an MBCS Environment"
in AIX Operating System Programming Tools and Interfaces.
PREFACE.3 Related Publications
For additional information, you may want to refer to the
following AIX Operating System publications:
AIX Commands Reference, SC23-2292 (Vol. 1) and SC23-2184
lists and describes the AIX/370 and AIX PS/2
AIX Guide to Multibyte Character Set (MBCS) Support,
explains the basic concepts of AIX multibyte
character set support and
refers to other AIX books that contain more
AIX Messages Reference, SC23-2294, lists messages
displayed by the AIX
Operating System and explains how to respond
AIX Programming Tools and Interfaces, SC23-2304, describes
programming environment of the AIX Operating
System and includes
information about operating system tools that
are used to develop,
compile, and debug programs.
AIX TCP/IP User's Guide, SC23-2309, describes the
features of TCP/IP
and shows how to install and customize the program.
reference information on TCP/IP commands that
are used to transfer
files, manage the network, and log into remote
AIX Technical Reference, SC23-2300 (Vol. 1) and SC23-2301
describes the system calls and subroutines a
programmer uses to write
application programs. This book also provides
information about the
AIX Operating System file system, special files,
and the writing of device drivers.
AIX X-Windows Programmer's Reference, SC23-2118, describes
X-Windows licensed program and provides information
library functions, FORTRAN subroutines, protocols,
AIX PS/2 Keyboard Description and Character Reference,
describes the characters and keyboards supported
by the AIX PS/2
Operating System. This book also provides
information on keyboard
position codes, keyboard states, control code
processing, and non-spacing character sequences.
AIX PS/2 Usability Services User's Guide, SC23-2038,
shows how to
create and print text files, work with directories,
programs, and do other basic tasks with Usability
Installing and Customizing the AIX PS/2 Operating
provides step-by-step instructions for installing
the AIX PS/2
Operating System and related programs.
This book also shows how to
customize the operating system to suit the user's
specific needs and
Managing the AIX Operating System, SC23-2293, describes
system-management tasks as adding and deleting
user IDs, creating and
mounting file systems, backing up the system,
repairing file system
damage, and setting up an electronic mail system
and other networking
Using the AIX Operating System, SC23-2291, shows the
how to use AIX Operating System commands to
do such basic tasks as log
in and out of the system, display and print
files, and set and change
passwords. It includes information for
intermediate to advanced users
about how to use communication and networking
facilities and write