P90 Tuning Logo
by Peter H. Wendt, original HERE

Table of Contents

[-0-]  Version History, Disclaimer & Legal Info
[-1-]  Precautions and Warnings before you start
[-2-]  Introduction to the Type 4 "Y" Pentium 90 Platform
[-3-]  The importance of cooling certain components
[-4-]  Modification A) Using a Pentium Overdrive 180 / 200
[-5-]  Modification B) Hardwiring the BF0 / BF1 Pins for different Bus / Core ratios
[-6-]  Modification C) Changing the Base Clock from 60 to 66 MHz
[-7-]  Modification D) Using a Pentium MMX 233 MHz with an Interposer
[-8-]  Problems, Workarounds and other stuff

Problems, Workarounds and other stuff

Fixing the Regulator Misery - German Approach

Those of you who don't like to compromise and want to prevent problems rather than fix them later on, may consider this very different approach I've tried recently.

Sitting in "the lab" one morning at a very early hour, being quite uninspired and bored, I've started digging in my boxes full of "unsorted stuff". During that a bag fell into my hand containing no less than 4 switch-mode voltage regulator modules (VRMs) for the bigger IBM Netfinity machines (5600 or 6000R). They are designed for a single +12 V DC input and have a programmable 1.3 - 3.5 V DC output @ up to 16 A, intended for the Pentium III or Xeon processors.

Regulator - Click to Enlarge Regulator - Click to Enlarge

Remembering the problem I had with the overheating LT-1084CT 3.3V regulator on the P90 platform, I thought it may be a good idea to try substituting the linear regulator with the switching VRM.

20 minutes later my 9595-B06 RAID box ran with a P133 CPU (I had no faster spare at that time) on the P90 platform, and with the Netfinity switching VRM. The module gets merely hand-warm. The bigger one of the two coils heats up a little - but that's it. No comparison to the "space heater" LT-1084 with its flimsy heatsink.

+-----+  +---------. 
|     |  |         . 
| A  B|  |         . A = outer, lower row  -  B = inner, upper row 
|     +--+         .
|                  .
| o  o  01         . N.C.                     N.C.
| o  o             . N.C.                     N.C.
| o  o             . N.C.                     N.C.
| #  #             . +12V input               +12V input
| #  o             . +12V input               Reserved
| o  o             . Ishare                   Output Enable             
| #  o             . V-ID 0                   V-ID 1
| #  #             . V-ID 2                   V-ID 3
| o  o             . V-ID 4                   Power Good
| o  o             . V(out)                   GND
| o  o             . GND                      V(out)
| o  o             . V(out)                   GND
| o  o             . GND                      V(out)
| o  o             . V(out)                   GND
| o  o             . GND                      V(out)
| o  o             . V(out)                   GND
| o  o             . GND                      V(out)
| o  o             . V(out)                   GND
| o  o             . GND                      V(out)
| o  o  20         . V(out)                   GND
|                  .
|     +--+         .
|     |  |         .
|     |  |         .
+-----+  +---------.

           Voltage Regulator FRU 36L8906
           12V-only, step-down programmable
           Underside View

           (Pinout according to Intel Specs V8.1)

Voltage Identification Code (partial)
1 1 1 1 1 Disabled
1 1 1 1 0 2.1
1 1 1 0 1 2.2
1 1 1 0 0 2.3
1 1 0 1 1 2.4
1 1 0 1 0 2.5
1 1 0 0 1 2.6
1 1 0 0 0 2.7
1 0 1 1 1 2.8
1 0 1 1 0 2.9
1 0 1 0 1 3.0
1 0 1 0 0 3.1
1 0 0 1 1 3.2
1 0 0 1 0 3.3
1 0 0 0 1 3.4
1 0 0 0 0 3.5
"0" = tied to GND, "1" = left open or tied to input voltage

As you can see above, the pinout is pretty simple. The table shows ID codes for the different output voltages.

Three Steps To Heaven

Step 1: Removing the LT-1084 and its heatsink

Start by unsoldering the heatsink holder tab. It may need a bit more heat and a little pulling force to come free. The heatsink tab isn't electrically connected to anything on the board - so it's mot fatal if you manage to rip the pad or pull the via out off the board. But be careful anyway...
Then add some flux (and maybe some fresh solder) and unsolder the 3 LT-1084 terminals from the board. You might try unsoldering all 3 at the same time, and remove the regulator by gently pulling and wiggling it sideways.
Remove solder from at least the middle hole (with a solder sucker if you have one), and then clean the entire area around the regulator from any leftover solder or flux residue.

Step 2: Preparing the Switchmode Voltage Regulator

On my regulator most of the upper copper surface is ground, and most of the bottom surface is either the +12 V input or the output. I've decided not to bother with any connectors and go with just a direct wire connections. So, I've scratched a 2 by 6 mm spot clear of the solder mask of the GND plane, and of the +12 V input plane, and soldered two thick wires directly to the board. On the other end of these wires is a standard "molex" plug that fits directly to the 9595 power supply. Later I've replaced it with a male-female extension (as for these silly processor fans) - that way I still have all 3 PSU connectors available to me for other purposes.
Some thin "patch wires" connect the pins V(id)0, V(id)2 and V(id)3 with the nearest GND pin (pick any - there are plenty of them).
Bench-testing with a bare 95 power supply gives a straight 3.34 V output on the V(out) plane/pins. The voltage did not drop significantly when being loaded with 6 A (a couple of parallel 4.7 ohm / 25 W resistors). Heat-emission: almost non-existent. One the converter coil L2 gets a bit warm.

Reworking - Click to Enlarge

Step 3: Installing on the P90 Platform

Now, there is no provision for fixing the regulator anywhere. The simplest method was just to strap it onto the upper side of the processor complex. It's relatively flat, there is enough room (given you don't have a long MCA board installed in the bottom-most slot #8) and the way down to the power supply as well as to the solder pads of the removed LT-1084 is relatively short.
The output voltage is fed with a short, thick piece of isolated silver wire (~ 1 mm diameter) from the regulator down to the middle pin of the removed LT regulator. In addition I've cut a piece of thin cardboard to act as an insulator sheet between the regulator and the processor board.
There are some larger holes in the P90 PCB: one close to the Op Panel SDL connector and one to the right from the 82497 cache controller. A thin zip ties will fit through these...

The result will probably look similar to that shown below:

Reworking - Click to Enlarge Reworking - Click to Enlarge Reworking - Click to Enlarge


With a voltage module of this caliber, any mistake in wiring or part selection/installation, may cause massive damage! The little LT-1084 regulator would collapse at around 5 A, but a baby like this can pump 16 A (or more!) into the circuit and it's being fed directly from the power supply - unit that can deliver 35 - 45 A at 12 V. That will blow the CPU out of the socket if it isn't oriented correctly. And will - most likely - cause massive damage to the PCB itself as well.

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