Starting the System Programs

Main Menu
Reference and Diagnostic Diskettes
Starting the Reference Diskette
Starting the System Programs from the Hard Disk
        Backing Up and Restoring the System Partition
        Updating the System Partition
        Updates to the System Programs
Device Drivers

Main Menu
The following are the selections available when you start the system programs.  Included with each selection is a short description of its purpose. 

 1. Start operating system:  Exits from the system programs and loads the operating system. 

 2. Backup/Restore system programs:  When you select this choice from the Main Menu, the following utility program selections appear: 
   o Back up the System Diskettes:  Makes a backup copy of the Reference Diskette and Diagnostic Diskette. 
   o Back up the System Partition:  Copies the system programs and other critical startup files from a non-array model's System Partition to diskette. This utility program creates the Reference Diskette and Diagnostic Diskette. You need two 2MB diskettes to do this procedure. 
   o Restore the System Partition:  Installs the system programs and other critical startup files from diskette to a non-array model's System Partition.  Use this utility program to rebuild the System Partition in case of accidental loss or damage. 

 3. Update system programs:   Copies a new version of system programs to System Partition. 
    Note: This information does not apply to disk-array models. 

 4. Set configuration:  Contains program with which you can view, change, back up, or restore the configuration information stored in the battery-backed memory.  It also contains the Automatic Configuration program. 
    The configuration information consists of: 
   o The amount of installed memory 
   o The built-in features and their assignments 
   o The installed options with their location and assignments 

    When you select Set configuration from Main Menu, the following utility-program selections appear:
   o View configuration:  Displays present configuration information.  View Only!
   o Change configuration:  Lets you change configuration information enclosed in brackets ([...]). 
   o Back up configuration:  Copies configuration information from battery-backed memory to  hard disk. Use this to keep a current copy of configuration information after you make changes.
   o Restore configuration:  Retrieves configuration information copied by Backup Configuration program and restores that information to battery-backed memory. 
   o Run automatic configuration:  Verifies and updates the configuration information. 
       a. Run Automatic Configuration program restores settings of installed options to their default values.  If you changed configuration information, make a note of current settings before you use Automatic Configuration program.  If you experience problems after running the program, refer to your notes to reset the values to their previous settings. 
   Note: On most adapter pages of the Ardent Tool, you will find the ADF sections at the bottom. All settings and possible values are listed.
       b. If you use DOS with an extended or enhanced memory-manager device driver, Run Automatic Configuration program might set a memory address that conflicts with the one used by the device driver. 
   o Set and view SCSI device configuration:   Displays the current SCSI device settings, and allows you to make some modifications for some devices. 
     Note:  For disk-array models you can view settings for the RAID adapter; however, you must use the RAID configuration program (on the IBM RAID controller diskette to make changes to the RAID adapter settings. 
   o Display memory map:   Displays the ROM memory addresses assigned to adapters. 

 5. Set features:   When selected from the Main Menu, the following selections appear:

   o Set date and time:   Lets you place the current date and time in battery-backed memory. 
  o Set passwords and unattended start mode:  Helps prevent the use of the server by unauthorized persons. Two types of passwords are available: a power-on password and an administrator password (also known as privileged-access password).  These passwords and other security features, such as unattended start mode, are discussed in the User's Reference.  For information about setting or changing passwords, see Setting an Administrator Password and Power-On Features. 
   o Set keyboard speed:   Changes speed at which a character repeats when a key is held down. 
   o Set console:   Sets server to operate without a keyboard or display.  This selection is useful if you are using the server in an unattended environment. 
   o Set startup sequence:   Lets you select sequence of the drives that the server will start from when you turn it on. 
   o Set fast startup mode:   In this mode, the server startup time is greatly reduced because a shorter, less extensive POST routine is run every time you turn on the server. You might want to use this mode if your server has a lot of memory installed or many devices attached. 
   o Set power-on features:   Lets you set the server to turn on automatically at a set time, or be turned on from a remote location. 

 6. Copy an Option Diskette:   Copies configuration and diagnostic files from an Option Diskette.  Option Diskettes are included with many options. As part of the option-installation procedure, you start the system programs, then copy the files from the option diskette to the System Partition or to the backup copy of the Reference Diskette.  The server needs these files to make the new option  operational. 
      Note: You MUST use Copy an Option Diskette from the Main Menu or the ADF, DGS, and other associated files will NOT be copied to the System (or Convenience) Partition. From hard experience, it is better to Copy an Option Diskette with the new files BEFORE installing the new adapter.

 7. Test the computer:   Checks the computer hardware.  If a problem occurs during this testing, a message appears on the screen advising you of the action to take. If you start system programs from the Reference Diskette and select this, a message prompts you to insert Diagnostic Diskette. 
   Note: The System Programs will only test components with a *.DGS file (basically IBM or OEM for IBM only). Errata, I think there is a planar related diags file as well...

 8. More utilities:   When selected from the Main Menu, the utility-program selections appear: 
   Note: Some of these are only on later systems.

   o Display revision levels:   Displays information that you might need if you require service.  If you have a printer attached, you can print the information presented on the screen by pressing the Print Screen key. 

   o Display system error log:   Displays and resets the entries in the error log.  As errors occur, they are recorded in this log. Error-log information is helpful when service is required. More information about using the error log is available in the Solving Problems. 

   o Stand-alone utility information:   Describes how to use the additional utility programs available on the Diagnostic Diskette.  Some of these programs can be used only with specific operating systems. See Stand-Alone Utility Programs for additional information about using the programs. 

   o Set and view system identification:   Lets you either set the system identification (record your computer serial number) or view  the system identification information about your server.  This vital product data (VPD) includes the model code, submodel code, server serial number, and part-identification codes for the system board and processor board. 

   o Set character font:  Lets you change the screen font. If you connect a non-ISO display (9515, 9517, and 9518 displays are ISO compliant) to your server, you can select the appropriate font for that type of display.  If you are attaching anything else, check the documentation that comes with the device. 

Reference and Diagnostic Diskettes
The Reference Diskette and Diagnostic Diskette, which came with your system, contain a copy of the system programs. Collectively, the two diskettes are referred to as the System Diskettes.  The system programs are in three places: 

o On the hard disk 
  For non-disk array models, the system programs are preinstalled in the System Partition. 
o On the System Diskettes 
  For both non-disk array and disk-array models, the system programs are on the Reference and Diagnostic Diskettes. 
o On the ServerGuide CD 
  If you misplace the System Diskettes, you can use the Diskette Factory on the ServerGuide CD to create new diskettes. 

The System Diskettes normally are used under the following conditions: 
o To configure and test disk-array models 
o To test non-array models if you cannot start the system programs from System Partition 
o To reconstruct the programs on System Partition of a non-array model when you replace the hard disk drive or if the programs get damaged 
o To install the DOS keyboard-password program and other stand-alone utility programs 

In non-array models, current system configuration information is maintained in the System Partition.  Instructions for backing up the System Partition are in Backing Up and Restoring the System Partition. System configuration information for disk-array models is maintained on diskette. 

Starting the Reference Diskette
To start the Reference Diskette: 
 1. Insert the Reference Diskette into your primary diskette drive. 
 2. Turn on the system.  After a few moments, the system programs Main Menu appears. 

3.  Use the Up Arrow key or the Down Arrow key to highlight a choice; then press Enter. 

You can get help about any selection by highlighting it and pressing F1.  The active keys are shown at the bottom of the screen. If you select Test the computer, the system prompts you to insert the Diagnostic Diskette. 

Starting the System Programs from the Hard Disk
Note: Starting  system programs from hard disk drive applies to non-disk-array servers only. 

To start the system programs from the hard disk drive: 
 1. Remove all media (diskettes, CDs, tapes, and so on) from all drives. 
 2. Turn off server; then turn it back on. The IBM logo appears on screen. 
 3. When F1 prompt appears, press F1.  A second IBM logo screen appears, followed by the system programs Main Menu. 

Use the Up Arrow key or the Down Arrow key to highlight the selection; then press Enter. 
   You can get help information about any item on the menu by highlighting the item and pressing F1. The bottom of the screen shows the keys that are active. 

o Backing Up and Restoring the System Partition 
o Updating the System Partition 
o Updates to the System Programs 

Backing Up and Restoring the System Partition
By making a backup copy of the System Partition, you are assured that you have an exact duplicate of the information stored there. Whenever you add information to the System Partition (for example, copy files from an Option Diskette when you install an option) you should make a new backup copy. This practice ensures that you can easily rebuild (restore) the System Partition in the unlikely event of a hard disk drive failure. 

 1. If you have a disk-array system, see Backing Up Your Disk-Array Configuration for the procedure to back up the disk-array configuration. 
 2. Disk-array models do not have a System Partition. You should backup the System Diskettes and keep them updated. 
 3. You need two 2MB diskettes to make a backup copy. 

To back up or restore the System Partition:
 1. Turn system on. When F1 prompt appears, press F1. System programs Main Menu appears. 
 2. Select Backup/Restore system programs from Main Menu. 
 3. Select either Back up the System Partition or Restore the System Partition (depending on which operation you are doing), and follow instructions on screen. 

Label the backup diskettes clearly with the following information: 
o Current date 
o Diskette name ("Reference Diskette" for the first diskette, "Diagnostic Diskette" for the second) 
o Model number of the server (found on the front of the computer) 
o Version number of system programs (found on IBM logo screen when system programs start) 

In some cases, you might receive a message during the backup process informing you that the entire partition will not fit on two diskettes. This happens only if you have copied files from many Option Diskettes to the System Partition.  The only files that might be missing from the backup diskettes are those associated with some options. If you ever need to restore the System Partition, you can do so by using your backup diskettes (Reference Diskette and Diagnostic Diskette) with the Restore the System Partition program; then copy your Option Diskettes using the Copy an Option Diskette program. 

Updating the System Partition
   Micro Channel adapters and some other options are shipped with an Option Diskette.  This diskette has files that the server uses to recognize the new option and set it up to operate correctly.  As part of the option-installation procedure, you use the system programs to copy the files from the Option Diskette to the System Partition. 
   New System Partition information is available from option diskettes and update diskettes. Use the instructions provided with these diskettes. 
   Note: You MUST use Copy an Option Diskette from the Main Menu or the ADF, DGS, and other associated files will NOT be copied to the System (or Convenience) Partition. From hard experience, it is better to Copy an Option Diskette with the new files BEFORE installing the new adapter.

Updates to the System Programs
IBM sometimes makes changes and enhancements to the system programs.  Periodically, updated versions of the Reference Diskette and Diagnostic Diskette, which contain the system programs, are made available. (Try Kevin's mirror of the PCBBS first... ) 
   Instructions for updating the System Partition with new system programs are provided with the diskettes. 
Note: This applies to non-disk array models only. 

Device Drivers
Your server might need device drivers that let certain operating systems and application programs take full advantage of features such as high-resolution color images and improved performance. Not all programs need these device drivers. Several device driver diskette images are available on the ServerGuide CD. Use the Diskette Factory utility on the ServerGuide CD to create the device driver diskettes of your choice.  See the documentation that came with the ServerGuide CD for more information about the Diskette Factory utility.

Content created and/or collected by:
Louis F. Ohland, Peter H. Wendt, David L. Beem, William R. Walsh, Tatsuo Sunagawa, Tomáš Slavotínek, Jim Shorney, Tim N. Clarke, Kevin Bowling, and many others.

Ardent Tool of Capitalism is maintained by Tomáš Slavotínek.
Last update: 08 May 2024 - Changelog | About | Legal & Contact