AMD 5x86 133 - The whole story (by Jan Steunebrink)
EverGreen 586 (4x)
EverGreen 586 Am5x86 QFP (4x)
PowerLeap PL586 (4x)
PowerLeap PL586-133 QFP (4x)
JC World Am5x86 QFP (4x)
Buffalo HAS-33T (3x) (Melco?)
ACE 486 (3x)
Unknown PGA DX4/2 Interposer (4x) (JC World?)
Content created by Sandy. Edited by Major Tom.
486 CPUs in SX/DX/DX2 line made by Intel work in 5V I/O voltage. Intel DX4
and other High Power CPUs sold by Cyrix and AMD work in 3.3V to 3.45V I/O
In order to use such CPUs on PS/2 or PS/55, you need to use an interposer which
switches down planar 5V to required voltage for those CPUs.
If you put a plain DX4-100 in your Bermuda or K/H complexes, your CPU will get
toasted in someday (not immediately but slowly. I myself didn't imagine that
DX4-100 would work with 5V supplied but it could work actually. Not tested
with Cyrix or AMD though).
These interposers usually have jumper blocks for:
- Multiplier selection
- WT/WB selection
- I/O voltage selection
- socket type selection
- Intel/AMD selection
Appropriate setting of an interposer for each CPU is needed to get full
potentiality of these high powered CPUs.
But so far, your CPUs will not get toasted with *wrong* jumper setting
unless you put your CPU onto the interposer with wrong orientation of pin #1
(as far as I know, 486/586 CPU will not get toasted with it. 386 and Pentium
will immediately go to heaven ) or you erroneously set CPU off on "one-row"
beside correct position ( this will also send your CPU to heaven at once). Of
course I'd like to advice you DO not test such stupid trial, OK ?
According to old PC magazines sold in 486DX100 era, there were compatibility
issue for interposers and DX4 and /or AMD/Cyrix. An interposer worked OK with
DX4-100 on a system A but not good on system B. The other was OK on B but not
One of PC upgrade shops sold various versions of AMD upgrade interposers which
were arranged to work with specific model-types. I got one from the shop for my
5551-NAB and it was designated as "tested on ....PS/55 5551-NXB....". There was
another model designated for IBM PC Master 100 and such. These kits were
cosmetically all same.
The shop did some trick or magic to their products. Because I didn't know much
about IBM products and model numbers of PS/55s, I really worried if the kit
for NXB might suitable for my NAB or not.
Now I really feel strange that all of my interposers I had bought very cheep
or got free in as-is condition or as "junk" not knowing about their
specification worked fine on my PS/55s.
By the way, in Japan we commonly refer interposer as "GETA". GETA means
Japanese wooden made sandals :)
Once sold by Evergreen together with Cyrix5x86 100/4x, 133/4x. A Japanese
dealer sold it together with cache driver programs for:
- Windows 95
- DOS/Win3.1 and OS2 (Ver. unknown but most possibly Warp3).
Seems et9603.exe by EverGreen contains same drivers set.
4x/3x/2x selectable, WT/CB (Cache Back?) selectable, Will fit both on
Mine was given to me as-is condition, most of the outer pins were bent.
When I straighten pins, 4 pins around the corner were torn off! Yo can see
my poor soldering work in the picture. Due to this soldering rework. I can't
use this one on LIF sockets on complexes(any type but of course except Y),
on Bermuda or on 9585.
||Cyrix 5x86-100/4x and EG Fan
3 pin block beside DC connector for a fan: Clock multiplier
Set jumper as designated on the PCB
3 pin block in the middle position: Cache back setting.
CB for W/B cache and W/T for Write-through
3 pin block at the corner (opposite to pin #1): Socket type select
OD for Overdrive socket and the other for standard ZIF or main socket.
EverGreen 586 Am5x86 QFP
Am5x86-133 QFP package is soldered on the PCB.
4x/3x speed selectable, WB/WT selectable, socket position selectable for Normal/Overdrive.
Left: Socket type select
OD for Overdrive socket and the other for standard ZIF or main socket.
Center: Clock multiplier
left-center for 3x, center -right for 4x
Right: L1 Cache status
left-center for WT, center -right for WB
4x/3x/2x selectable, WB/WT selectable, Will fit both on OD/Main socket.
||Am5x86 with PL heatsink/fan
DC connector for fan assy is placed on the surface of the PCB.
Micro Switch block is placed in the middle of pin side.
||Position 2 *
|Standard or ZIF socket
||2x, 4x *2
|O/D or 487SX socket
Position 2 is ignored for a TI486DX4 and Cyrix 5x876 CPU. WB/WT function
selection for the TI486DX4 and Cyrix 5x86 CPU is auto-detected by a system
BIOS. If your system board doesn't support the WB function (without a socket
3CPU socket), the system BIOS will automatically set the CPU to to run in WT mode.
Clock-quadrupled for AMD-5x86-133 and Cyrix6x86-133 or higher. Clock-doubled
for Intel/AMD/ST 486DX4-100 and Cyrix5x86-100 or lower.
PowerLeap PL586-133 QFP (manual)
Clock-tripled/quadrupled processor upgrade for 486 systems.
A QFP version of the AMD Am5x86-P75 CPU is permanently soldered on the interposer.
JC World Am5x86 QFP
This one is supposed to be a modified version of PL586. There isn't any
jumper blocks for speed selection or voltage. selection, This one is fixed to
Special ROM is mounted inside pin block. JC world made several versions for
their products so that their interposers could be used on various systems.
Probably the ROM contains some implement to tease the system (CPU ID or
something like that ?) so that the Overdrive kit can be used in various
Due to presence of this ROM/Socket, This Overdrive kit doesn't fit in several
For example, ZIF socket in 5551-N or LIF socket on Type-4 N can't accept this
I'm not sure about this interposer. It's branded as "Buffalo";
known to you as Melco.
Designed to be used on ODP socket with a key pin (169 pin PGA layout. see
picture below in the middle).
I think this one is mainly used for NEC PC98 series PCs. I don't know how the
jumper block works. But so far, it works on my PS/55s.
Basically this is 3x capable interposer but there is unused register block
connected to R17 at the bottom side. It should be possible to remake it
to 4x(2x) capable interposer.
Jumper Block Setting Hacking. updated 2002.11.16
If my observation is correct, jumper Blocks JP3 & JP4 should be set in
combination of 1-2/1-2 and 2-3/2-3.
This interposer has no Voltage Selection jumpers nor Speed Selection jumper.
Probably this was designed to use an Intel DX4-100 and other 5x86 CPUs for:
- system which has only one (MAIN) socket (doesn't matter if it is a
169-pin socket or 168-pin socket)
- system which has a soldered QFP SX CPU with an ODP
B14 : UP# (OUT) for OverDrive CPU (ODP)
||Connected to B14 at PIN side
||Connected to Vss
UP# (IN) for SX QFP & DX/DX2/DX4
C14 : FERR# for DX/DX2/DX4
||Connected to C14 at PIN side
||Connected to C14 at CPU side
||Connected to A13 at PIN side
A13 : FERR# for ODP
Jumper settings (my presumption)
||CPU layout & Socket Type
|Pins 1-2 Closed
||Pins 1-2 closed
||Main without SX CPU
|Pins 2-3 Closed
||Pins 2-3 Closed
||ODP Socket with a QFP SX
This one is very simple. Really wondered if it could handle 5x86 CPUs but it does.
Basically this is 3x capable unit. But it is easy to remake it 4x operation
with a simple soldering rework.
Green rework wire observed in the pics is not for 4x speed. It's for
ODPR CPU to be set in ODP socket. B14 (UP#) was connected to
Vss. Then A13 should be
connected to C14 but I left it undone (I noticed most of PS/55 ODP
socket can take ODPR thus the rework was not completed).
4x rework can be observed in middle pic. R17
connection to Vcc was disconnected
and rewired to Vss. (usually R17 is
left open for 3x operation and is internally pulled up within CPU). Enlarged
Unknown PGA DX4/2 Interposer
Don't know correct name of this product. I think this one was contained in
a CPU upgrade kit sold by JC world, one of famous PC upgrade shop back in '97,
but not so sure.
There were similar kind of interposers which looked like very close to each
other back in those days. I got mine to upgrade my 5551-NAB and I am not sure
if this is the one or not.
4x/3x/2x capable, Intel/AMD( dx4) selectable, 3.3/3.45 selectable.
No jumper block for WB/WT
||Am5x86/Fan on DX4/2
J1: Multiplier for Intel CPU (but including AMD 5x86 and Cyrix5x86)
1-2 for 2x and 4x, 2-3 for 2.5X, open for 3x
J2: Multiplier for AMD DX4-80/100
1-2 for 2x, off ...dunno have no AMD486-120
J3: Voltage select
1-2 for 3.45V, 2-3 for 3.30V
Information about the PowerStacker 5x86 Upgrade HERE.