S) 7.0 Misc
Q) 7.1 What is the
pin out for ...?
This is my attempt to have every pinout on a PS/2 listed and named.
At worst this will solve the problem of someone referring to a DE9 as 'The
little port with some holes in it and in a 'D' on its side shape' :).
And at best it will provide the information to build cables yourself
and hybridize certain cable sets.
See Appendix E for listing.
Q) 7.2 What is the
special SCSI connector by IBM?
I have just bought a third-party SCSI cable for my PS/2, and it works.
It allows you to connect the 60-pin PS/2 SCSI adapter external connection
to any device with a standard 50-pin Centronics connector. So, there are
three options for getting this type of connector. By the way, the PS/2
SCSI connector is the same as the one on the RS6000. Of course, the
alternative to all this is to use an internal SCSI device, if possible.
The IBM internal SCSI connections are the same as those found in internal
SCSI devices (the 50-pin rectangular connector).
Buy the IBM cable from your IBM dealer. The part number is 32G4143.
It will cost about $49.
Buy a third-party cable. I bought mine from Storage Solutions [closed
as of 10/28/98]. Their number is (203)325-0035. Mine cost $75 for
a 5' cable. Storage Solutions call the IBM connector a
"60-pin compressed" connector (though they are not really pins - it's really
a kind of edge connector). They also know what you're talking about
if you just call it an RS6000 SCSI
Inmac (1-800-323-6905) also sells them (see their UnixSelect catalog).
They call it a Mini-Centronics (60) connector. They charge a bit
more than Storage Solutions.
There are probably other suppliers. The key piece of information
is that it is
the same connector as on RS6000 machines. The IBM connector is *not*
a Mini-SCSI connector. Not all suppliers know this, and they will try to
sell you Mini-SCSI (which has 50 pins and is smaller than the IBM connector).
Make your own. The SCSI connector is available from AMP (1-800-522-6752
or 1-800-526-5142 or (717)564-0100). The AMP part number is 557025-6
(not to be confused with the 557025-5, which is the same connector, but
without thumbscrews to hold it in the SCSI port). AMP also calls
it a CHAMP .050 Series III Plug Cable Connector. I was unable to
find any AMP dealers who could supply this. I had to get it straight from
AMP. And it would have been so complicated for them to supply one as a
normal order that they sent me one as a free sample. In the end I
didn't use it though. It turned out to be almost impossible to solder.
It is designed to have each of the tiny SCSI wires forced into a slot that
automatically strips the cable. You'd need a special tool to do that.
By the way, I bought a cheap SCSI cable and cut one end off, so that I
wouldn't have to solder the other end as well.
Q) 7.2a Making a SCSI
Cable for an IBM 50 pin edgecard internal port
Thankfully, IBM followed most of the ANSI SCSI standard.
Any common SCSI-1 (50 wire) cable will work. Just remove the connector
that attaches to the SCSI controller and replace it with a crimp-on 50
pin edgecard connector. Note that Pin 1 is toward the mounting bracket
and is on the circuitboard side! The "true" IBM afficianado knows that
the SCSI cable exits the controller's connector to the side without components.
50 pin edgecard connector for the IBM SCSI /A, SCSI w/cache, and FW SCSI
controller. Available from Dalco and Jameco...Dalco part 40720
Q) 7.2b Making a Fast/Wide
SCSI Cable for the IBM F/W SCSI Adapter
Any .025 pitch cable with HPDB68 drive connectors will
work (called SCSI-3), but the IBM F/W SCSI adapter's Fast/Wide internal
port uses the "P" connector. (Molex 71660,
also called a VMC (VESA Media Channel) connector.
Newark has the AMP equivalent. 1-557089-2, Newark # 97F8813
but OH is zero. Oh-oh...
Digikey list it as 1-557089-2-ND,
but BO until 07/03/2000
Mouser lists it as 571-15570892,
but call (800) 346-6873 for availability...
Amphenol makes some kick-butt cable, Loose pair Twist 'N' Flat 425-3006-068
Black woven cable sheathing is TechFlex Cable Sleeve
Dia: 0.125" Actual to 0.440 expanded $12 for 25'.
Dia: 0.250" Actual to 0.750 expanded $15 for 25'.
68 Pin .025 Pitch Flat Cable Dalco# 59610,
$1.50 a foot
HPDB68 Female Connector Dalco# 59611,
Pull tab for the 68 pin AMP hard drive connector is a 88450-8.
Q) 7.3 Where are benchmark
programs located. What do they mean?
Use common sense (scarce commodity) when using a "benchmark"
program. When it comes to calculating processor performance, some common
programs use timing loops. If the loop fits inside the L1 cache, you have
a screamer. If not, your system is hopelessly slow. Or is it?
Benchmarks programs are a good way to compare systems and even better
to see how changes to a system affect it, however, it is unreliably to
compare benchmarks to other benchmarks (even if the programs are the same)
unless the same environments are used.
A very good and pretty much the standard benchmark program is COMPTEST
version 2.59 is the latest on 10/94). This is excellent to compare
system to system and describes how to set up the autoexec and config files
to run the test under. This is the control variable and allows apples
to be compared to apples. This is a public domain program and probably
the best in its class.
Other standards are somewhat variable as to what they will rate your
system as A LOT of hardware manufacturers (esp. video card) are setting
up benchmark 'sniffers' on their hardware to give back excellent numbers
to the common types of benchmark tests. I would like a list of benchmarks
known to be sniffed' for and the hardware that does 'sniff'.
The best way to prevent this is to make new benchmark test constantly and
not to buy the benchmark programs whose creators share what the tests look
for with the manufacturers before they come out. What happens is
X-company is coming out with a new benchmark program, then Hardware R Us
requests the parameters of the testing and figures out what to send back
to the benchmarking software to get FAST but REALISTIC marks. Usually
the benchmark company is affiliated with the hardware company so both benefit.