1MB Short SVGA

@917B.ADF SVGA Adapter (US/EMEA)

720svga.exe PC Server 720 SVGA support diskette version 1.01 (includes CLMODE)
720svga.txt Readme for 720svga.exe

06H6915 SVGA Adapter BIOS ROM (from David Beem)
   "CL-GD542X VGA BIOS Version 1.41"

Cirrus GD542x SVGA Adapters

1MB Short SVGA
Using 1MB SVGA in Model 60?
Flicker in 1MB SVGA
Flicker Fix for 1MB SVGA
   Ratings for C31 Replacement
2MB Short SVGA?
ADF Sections

1MB Short SVGA FRU P/N 71G0650, P/N 06H6917, "DELIVERY BOYS" [P] [P]

J1 HDD15 video connector
U1 Cirrus CL-GD5428-80QC-A
U2 74F244D
U3 06H2194 PAL
U4 BIOS 06H6915 (REV 1.0 1994)
U5,6 74F373D
U7,8 NEC 424260-70 or compatible
U9 LM334 Current Source
C31 Capacitor

For the chipheads, the Tech Ref Annexes B-7 thru B-10 have some application notes. Data sheet is 4.8MB, Tech Ref is 2.7MB. Everybody needs to thank Elar Saar for guarding these files until the fullness of time.

Peter says:
   Is it really a 1MB ? I have a card FRU 71G0650 with Cirrus Logic CL-GD5428-80QC-A chipset right here on my table. Has FCC ID ANO06H3638 and I forgot to write the Card-ID on it ... but I guess it was 917B. This thingy has 2 SMD memory chips NEC 424260-70 in the top / front corner (aligned top-down) which are 512K x 8 bit (or 256K x 16 bit), IIRC.

The CL chipset -by the way- is a mask-programmed graphic chip with integrated timing oscillator (no external Xtal) and integrated 80MHz RAMDAC. Very compact design. A similar chipset is used on the Server 320/520 MCA/PCI planar. Here they used the CL-GD5430-QC-D and 2 x Siemens HYB514171BJ-70 (256K x 16 bit).

Using 1MB SVGA in Model 60?

Wolfgang Gehl wrote:
   In fact, the Cirrus SVGA adapter is not the Texas Instruments SVGA Adapter (=SVGA Adapter/A or IBM256C). These are two different cards..

The Cirrus card provides VESA support through BIOS, no need for a TSR program. Use the clmode utility from 720svga.exe to adjust the vertical refresh rate according to your LCD display.

There seems to be a resource conflict with the model 60 planar VGA which can't be solved by system setup. In that case, unfortunately, the Cirrus SVGA will not work in a reliable and defined state in your machine.

   Since the Cirrus Logic 5428-based 1MB SVGA Adapter/A has both a BVE extension AND an (S)VGA (VBE) BIOS and I/O addresses etc. it comes into conflict with any onboard VGA-based systems, unlike non-planar based Server-class systems with BVE slot, for which it was intended. Its BIOS probably isn't coded for this circumstance, to disable any onboard VGA during its configuration/activation. Look to the PC Server 720's support diskettes for related drivers etc. It has the on-planar Cirrus Logic (S)VGA 54xx-based chipset and BIOS.

Flicker in 1MB SVGA

I (god Emperor of Microchannel) and others have noticed that the 1MB SVGA flickers. Behold what devious minds can do.

Dr. Jim
> Technically speaking, what we are seeing is random changes in average brightness level.

   During my first inspection of the card I came across a constant current source, which consists out of a LM334M (U9), 22 Ohms resistor (R36), 150 Ohms (R37), a "JF" marked SMD diode (D1), a SMD tantalum 2µ2 cap (C31) and a small pF cap (C65). Located in the top / rear corner of the card.

If you check the connections from C31 you will find that the + marked end goes to the V+ input of U9 @ Pin 4, while the unmarked end is tied to +5VDC ... During operation the + end of C31 is at 3.09V ... and the - end at +5 ... with no dynamic offset of any sorts - I'd tested that with the scope.

Shouldn't that be other way round? There is a "+" marking silkscreened on the board, so the cap is mounted correctly regarding the silkscreen - electrically however it is reversed. And this circuit appears to me as the voltage reference for th CL5428-internal RAMDAC. (They pull down a definite current to give the RAMDAC a stable base voltage for the output drivers).

What happens to a capacitor if you permanently run it at reversed polarity - even though the voltage is rather low ? (the cap is rated 20V) Given it develops some "leakage" and causes a parasitic current to +5V - parallel to the current flow through U9 ? That could explain the brightness changes in the video signal.

I'm going to unsolder the C31 next to see how the card behaves without it or if it is intended as some sort of "choke up" capacitor. And what happens if I reverse the polarity.

Fixed 1MB SVGA

Dr. Jim
> We need more empirical data ... !

I replaced the cap on the contemplation card a few minutes ago. This card was known to flicker, quite badly at times, and was pulled from this machine for that reason. I used a new 3u3/16v in the same form factor off a scrap PCB from work.

Before I swapped the card, I laid down on the floor with my handheld DMM and confirmed your voltage readings before powering down the 500. Results; +5.15 VDC on the - terminal of the capacitor, +3.50 VDC on the + terminal. Backweirdness confirmed. The + end is 1.65V _more negative_ than the - terminal.

Swapped the cards. My immediate impression was that the test card produces a much brighter and clearer screen image than the (identical) card I took out. This may be meaningless however, since I did not retest this card in the 500 before I changed the cap.

I have not noticed any flicker so far. I will run it for a while and try to observe it as much as I can. This machine is my APRS server and runs 24/7, so it should be a good test. Type 4 'Y' at 180 MHz.

David Beem provides another data point:
> Agreed. Absolutely replace the cap.
Done. 47uF, 25v. Testing now.

Fixed! I say a dramatic fix in that. I can reproduce the flickering at will by putting in the unpatched card; It goes away with the patched version, even for a lengthy time span. Who would have knew?

To see how this circuit is implemented on the various CL-GD542x MCA adapters go HERE.

Ratings for C31 Replacement

I had a tag-team of David Beem and Dr. Jim working this out.

> Point is, within reason the size doesn't matter (just here). Electrolytics are pretty sloppy, probably close to +/- 10% on average. I think Tantalums are generally tighter, and that's what this appears to be.

>> Capacitance range 2.2 uF to 4.7 uF, voltage of at least 20 V? Or would 16 to 25 work?

Clone designs were using close to a 3.3uF cap. For voltages 16v is sufficient & a commonly produced capacitor. I would stay within the range of 2.2 to 5 uF. It is remotely possible that a cap that is too large may draw excessive surge current on power up and let some of that delicate silicon smoke loose inside the chip.

2MB Short SVGA?

Without the help of Jolt, I asked about pumping up the 1MB SVGA:

Pin 141 is right above the trace that goes to R27.

>Please point out the second pair of solder pads for additional memory on the short 1MB.

Peter writes:
   As far as I have traced the connections on the short Cirrus as well as on the Reply Mod. 80 board you could solder another pair of 424260 (or 4C1627 from Micron) 1:1 over the existing chips - minus the pins 14 on the new ones. These are the RAS pins, which have to be connected via a 22 Ohms resistor to pin 141 on the CL5428 chip. It is marked OE* in the datasheet - but a footnote says it is RAS1 on 5426/28/29 chips for the 2MB RAM configurations.

AdapterId 917b SVGA Adapter

ROM Address
   This is the address range for the video adapter, it cannot be changed

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Louis F. Ohland, Peter H. Wendt, David L. Beem, William R. Walsh, Tatsuo Sunagawa, Tomáš Slavotínek, Jim Shorney, Tim N. Clarke, Kevin Bowling, and many others.

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