8590 / 9590 Common Devices

The 8590 and 9590 uses the same reference and diagnostics disks used by the 8595 / 9595 systems. for a list by processor complex, go HERE.

SHS15F2247 IBM PS/2 Model 90 XP 486 HMS  (Requires IBM Bookreader)
SHS15F2249 IBM PS/2 Model 90 XP 486 HMR  (Requires IBM Bookreader)

Model 90 HMM Extract Model 90 information from HMM

190-176 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0J5, -0J9 AND -0KD)
191-057 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0G5 AND 0G9)
191-195 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0H5 and 0H9)
192-098 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0L9 AND 0LF)
193-082 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (9590-0LA AND 0LF)

US5162979A Personal computer processor card interconnect system

Model 90 Front View
Base Fan (fan in front of complex)
Why Was Model 90 Introduced?
Model 90 Pros and Cons
Fast/Wide SCSI on Model 90
   CD-ROM Attachment
   Fast/Wide to 50 Pin SCSI
   Alternative - No Internal CD-ROM
   Top Routing of SCSI Cable
Floppy Drives
   Floppy Drive Cable
   Adapting 34 Pin Clone Cable to 40 Pin Port
   Three Floppy Experience
   * Marked 2.88MB Floppy Drives on 8590s
Hard Drive Slides
   Model 90 Drive Slide Conductive Coating
   Electromagnetic Shields   EMC Shields for A, B, C, and D Bays
   Adapter Card-Guide Assembly  Combined Fan / Card Guide thingy
Riser Support Bracket
Mounting Model 90 Vertically


Front view

Badge
   Grey: XGA. Blue: XGA-2 Adapter originally installed, ISO compliant.
Floppy
   8590: 1.44 MB, 9590: 2.88 MB
5.25" Bay
   Outer rails are for a 5.25" drive. The left and center rails are for a 3.5" drive.

Model 90 Drive Bays *

DASD Storage Matrix - PS/2 Model 90 (Not complete)

Options (one per bay) Bezel FRU Standard
Bay A
1.44 / 2.88 Floppy 33F8360 Yes
Empty 64F4149
Bay B
Empty 33F8362 Yes
1.2 MB Floppy 33F8459
1.44 / 2.88 Floppy 33F8360 (*)
ITBU 33F8279 (?)
3.5" SCSI HD 64F4104
Rewritable Optical Drive 92F0157
CD-ROM I 64F4122
CD-ROM II 92F0081
3.5" Device Filler Bezel (*) 64F4149 / 33F5961
Large Ground Shield 85F0006
Small Ground Shield 85F0005
Bay C
3.5" SCSI HD Yes
Ground Shield 85F0034
Bay D
Empty Yes
1.44 / 2.88 Floppy 33F8360 (*, ?)
ITBU 33F8279 (33F8277)
3.5" SCSI HD 33F8361
Rewritable Optical Drive 92F0158
Ground Shield 85F0034
3.5" Device Filler Bezel (*) 64F4149 / 33F5961

* - 3.5" Device Filler Bezel takes up extra room to the right for shorter device bezels.
? - Not sure at present.

I do not have a FRU for an A bay Ground Shield, however, there is a single slot in the drive support shelf, similar to the B bay.

The Ground Shields for the B: bay [5.25"] are NOT compatible with those for the C: and D: bays. The Ground Shields for the B: bay [85F0006 / 85F0005] use a sorta "cage", where the shield has depth, plus the lower hooks actually extend into the frame and hook into slots.

The C: and D: bay Ground Shields [85F0034] are flat and they slide over the sheet metal lip at the front lower frame edge.

The Hard Drive Slide fits in B [leftmost pair of "lips"], C bay [duh] and D bay. If you are trying to deal with mounting a SCSI hard drive in C bay and the DBA-ESDI sockets are present, consider putting the SCSI HD in B bay. The Hard Drive Slide does NOT fully seat in the A bay, and about 1/3rd of the hard drive sticks out of the frame...

Note: If you try stacking two drive slides together in order to allow the hard drive SCSI connector to clear a DBA-ESDI connector, the hard drive will be close to the top of the frame opening [reducing airflow around drive enclosure]. The kicker is that the bottom of the SCSI cable connector is now very close to the upper forward edge of the DBA-ESDI connector.

The 3.5" Device Filler Bezel works in the B bay and D bay. It isn't flat like the other D bay bezels, but it fits and works.

The 1.44 / 2.88 Floppy Bezel works in A bay, B bay [with device filler bezel] and also in D bay [with device filler bezel].

Electromagnetic Shield

Bays A and B EMS

At least one of the upper bay shield members has extension or boxed portions folded backward from the front face of the shield in such a way as to form extensions and provide a certain depth to the shield.

Bay C and D EMS

US5191544A Personal computer enclosure with shielding


System Fans

   There are two system fans: one in the power supply, and a second fan on the base. If the power supply fan does not work, replace the power supply. If the second fan does not work, replace it.


Base Fan

Two access holes through the Model 90 Base Frame to allow for the removal of the Base Fan 64F4128 WITHOUT having to remove the Adapter Card-Guide Assembly 33F8363.

If you will notice the two diagonally spaced round holes... The upper right hole fits the fan mounting screw perfectly. The lower left round hole does NOT line up with anything. If you use the widened rectangular hole just above it and to the right, that lines up with the lower fan mounting screw.

Louis says (edited): Perhaps IBM considered using a larger fan, and these are the original access holes, but for whatever reason they went with a 80 mm fan in the end.

Tom replies: My early 8590 doesn't have the lower round hole. So seems like it was added later on. For what reason? I dunno.

Just noticed something, the speaker is only about 3/16" in front of the fan opening...

Another item, the fan is darned near impossible to touch, as it is behind the grille in the frame -AND- it is mounted to the card guide. So why IBM felt it needed a front and rear finger guard, I dinna ken. However, SIMMply dropping both the front and rear finger guards leaves the mounting screws about 1/8" from seating...

Fan With Finger Guards Removed and Speaker Laying on Frame

To remove fan, you need to drop the power switch / speaker frame, use a 3/16" nutdriver to remove the single black mounting screw to the upper right of the power switch. Pull the frame slightly rearward to clear the switch's white button.

Now you have room to remove the base fan. Use a 3/16" nutdriver on black screws, 1/4" nutdriver on gold screws (some 90s use larger head screws]. There are holes on the front of the frame that allow you to access the fan mounting screws.

Unscrew both mounting screws, drop fan, pull both finger guards off, pull the white nylon screw spacer from under each mounting screw head. Use two nylon spacers 1/4" long, for #6 screws. Push both mounting screws back into the fan frame, remount the fan [the model sticker faces IN]. Pop the speaker from it's mount, place speaker on floor of frame. It fits under the fan, BTW...

Base Fan Identity

Panaflo DC Brushless
Model FBK-08A12L
DC12V 0.09A
Matsushita Electric Japan

Panaflo FBK-08A12L Specs

Motor Type [FB]: Panaflo (DC Axial-flow fan)
Bearing Type [K]: Ball Bearing
Housing Size [08]: 80 x 80 mm
Housing Thickness [A]: 25.5 mm
Rated Voltage [12]: 12 VDC
Speed [L]: Low - Maybe 1900 RPM

Power: 0.66 W
Air flow: 22.6 CFM
Air pressure: 1.8 mm H2O
Noise: 23 dB-A

Base Fan Connector

KK 3.96mm Crimp Terminal Housing, Friction Ramp, 2 Circuits (Datasheet).
Use With KK 3.96 Crimp Terminals, 2478 , 2578 , 6838, 7258, 45570

Base fan uses AWM Style 1007, 24 AWG wire.

Power Switch

Schadow 221, F2UEE is closest. (Diagram)


Remove Cover

IBM says:
Loosen both thumbscrews on back panel.
Remove cover by sliding it forward approximately 50 mm (2 in.), and then lifting it.
Reverse procedure to replace cover.

My way - Loosen both thumbscrews on back panel. Do NOT remove them, they are captive.

Remove cover by slapping it on the sides with the palms and fingers of both hands, thumbs on the top of the case -AND- pushing / pulling it forward. Slide it forward @ 2 in., and then lift it. Sometimes it takes more moxie to start the cover.

Reverse procedure to replace cover by SIMMply placing the horizontal pins into the rails, then slowly push the top cover rearward until it seats.

Model 90 Trim Strips

US5420760A Microcomputer enclosure with interrupted wedge locking arrangement and shielding liner

   I asked someone for a stripped-down Model 90 so I could use some of the parts laying about... Imagine my surprise when the case showed up and the top cover sat noticeably lower than on any Model 90 I ever saw. Luckily, I had saved a pair of Trim Strips from a Model 90 that had serious issues [or maybe I was the one with issues :( ]

Mounting Model 90 Trim Strip

There are two mirror image Trim Strips. One is for the left side, the other is for the right side. In order to pull them [or attach them], you need to pull the PSU and pull the planar. They are fastened in with four split posts and two small plastics screws [3/16th nutdriver]

85F0030 - trim strip on Slot 1 side
85F0031 - trim strip on PSU side


Adapter Card-Guide Assembly 33F8363

US5136465 PC with Tandem Air Flow Dual Fans And Baffle Directed Air Cooling

In order to remove the Card Guide, you have to remove the PSU, take all adapters and memory risers and cables off the planar, then remove the planar screws, pull the front edge of the planar up [pivoting on rear ports], them remove the card guide mounting screws. Easy-peasy...


Why Was the 90 Introduced?

Dennis Smith says:
   The Model 90 was intended to be a "desktop server". It came out in 1989/90. A few years before the Bermuda 77 and Lacuna 77. The 77 was the replacement for the Mod. 90, but it continued in the 95xx Premium Line until about 1994. The main reason for releasing the Mod. 90 was most likely to replace the Mod. 70 and to have a desktop cousin to the Mod. 95.

We, the god-Emperor of Micro Channel:
   Looking at the Type Zero complex grant date of '89, perhaps the Model 90 was a special bid <MACHINE> [not just a special bid -CONFIGURATION-] that was adopted / adapted to full production like the 9553 [special bid 55SX that used a Reply planar].

The Model 90 was a stretched Model 70, using the same DBA-ESDI drives, the same planar power connectors. But what caused a redesign from the Model 70 was the difficulty of significant upgrades to the Model 70. The conventional design of computers at that time had the CPU and significant components on the systemboard, and this forced users wanting significant upgrades to totally replace the systemboard.

It seems to be a lead-pipe cinch that IBM really tried to extend the proven Model 70 systemboard, but could not escape the limited space available on the 857-Axx/Bxx Power Platforms. Period patent images show four SIMM sockets in roughly the same place on the systemboard where the two SIMM risers are now.

US5162979A PC processor card interconnect system (Model 90/95 Complex)

Ed: Seeing how inaccurate the drawing is (i.e. the MCA slots #106), perhaps they just simplified the architecture for the patent... hard to tell.

The Model 95 was never provided with DBA-ESDI sockets, there is no way that the DBA-ESDI drives could mate as on the 50z/70/90.

The Model 95 was upgraded to the Model 95A, whilst the Model 90 soldiered on with the original planar. Oh, what could have been, F/W SCSI, replace the DB25 serial port with the C68 F/W SCSI port, do XGA-2 on planar, and what a killer box...


Model 90 Pros and Cons

From Us, the god-Emperor of Micro Channel:
   After many years of dabbling in Processor Complexes, I find the Model 90 (8590 or 9590) to be THE preferred complex based system to experiment with complexes and / or memory. The 95 is still my heartbeat, but consider:

Complex Seating - The Model 90 orients the complex vertically, so you can press down on the center top edge of a complex to seat it. The 95 forces you to drop it down on it's side if you want to firmly seat the complex, or try to hold the complex with one hand, center the complex in the double long socket, and press it in while bracing the system with your other hand.

Note: From sad personal experience, on a 95 standing up, the complex can hang down below the complex double slot if you don't pull the blue levers stick straight up from the planar before trying to seat the complex. Then carefully place the complex edge connector in the complex slot. Push the complex in until it seats and the fingers on the blue latches are lined up with the case supports. You may have to push one end of the complex in and then the other.

If you cheat and use the blue levers alone to seat it in a Model 95 without firmly seating the edge connector in the slot, you CAN shear off some surface mount components from the lower back side.

Changing Memory - The Model 90's memory is on removable cards, to change memory, you pop the cover off, remove the riser bracket, and pull the risers. On the Model 95, you have to pop the front bezel, pull off the side wall, pull the AC plug out of the back, loosen the PSU, drop the PSU, change the memory, then push any cables out of the way before putting things back together...

Where the 95 edges out the 90 is drive bays and better work area. The 90 has a peculiar floppy cable, and when you add a ribbon SCSI cable, things tend to get jumbled between the corner of the drive support shelf and the PSU support bracket. Using a flexible sheathed cable like in the 957x series or the 95's F/W cables, it becomes much easier. I would like to see a round single floppy cable for the 90. That would really help eliminate the cable confusion.... Actually, the 95 could benefit from a round single floppy cable as well. I usually stuff the unneeded floppy connectors in the B: area. But that makes seating a full length card in Slot 3 a struggle.

Mounting a CD-ROM in a 90 depends on having the correct width drive sled and finding the uncommon CD-ROM bezel.

All in all, if you think about it, a Model 90 is a fun box for a more experienced individual. Not that it is any more difficult than a 95 to configure, but you have to accept it has "only" four slots and provides less working space in general. It also comes with the original XGA on the planar. Thanks to Unal Z, we now have True Color support for the XGA under Win9x AND protected mode support for the IBM SCSI adapters running on Pentium systems.


Model 90 Mockup (?)

This is an image snagged from UMMR, from an ad for a complex update for the 90 / 95. Of particular note is the Bay D bezel in the lower right. Might make a decent cover for a SCSI2SD adapter...


Fast/Wide SCSI on Model 90

Look at this ode to simplicity:

The 50-pin flat cable is gone, making servicing the RAM risers much simpler. Do you see how the cable runs to the front, then under the adapters? Using a SCSI cable that is long enough is crucial here, as short cables force one to place the SCSI card closer to the complex, and forcing you to run the cable over the complex or under the complex and barely reach the drives.

Note: I always wondered why the P60 and P66 complex heatsinks were milled in that odd step fashion. Look how it clears the adapter card bracket...

CD-ROM Attachment

Look at the cramped space available for hooking up the CD-ROM. What is difficult to see here is the thoughtful SCSI cabling. The F/W cable goes up to a 68 to 50 pin adapter.

Now the space saver is the short length of 50 pin flat SCSI cable (white socket) running from the 68 to 50 pin adapter to end in the SCSI CD-ROM. The F/W cable then ends with an active terminator.

Trying to insert a 68 to 50 pin adapter in the CD-ROM, then plug in a F/W HPDB68 plug into that crams the SCSI cable up against the front of the PSU.

Fast/Wide to 50 Pin SCSI

Wide to Narrow Adapters DM5000-5068-02.

I was in deep Super High Intensity Tinkering with a Model 90. Trying to hook up a 50 pin SCSI device to a F/W cable, and as many of you have experienced, there ain't much room, especially if you are trying to have a 50 pin stub cable...

What would make life easier is a Wide to Narrow adapter, Female to Female. These plug INSIDE the 50 pin MALE connector on the SCSI device and the wide 68 pin MALE plug on the F/W cable fits OVER the FEMALE wide plug. Remember to have a wide device [SCSI drive -OR- active terminator] AFTER the narrow device to terminate the SCSI bus.

Note: I personally want a real wide terminator device after the narrow device.

Methode made the Datamate line of SCSI cable adapters, and one appears to be what the doctor ordered and why the preacher danced.

DM5000-5068-02 = Universal Feed Thru with Capacitors on High Lines

Optional capacitors (10pf) are used in adapters on the additional 9 high signal lines when going from a wide controller to a narrow device to balance the loading to all signal lines. Does not terminate, so you need a device that can terminate at the end of the F/W cable [either a SCSI drive or an active terminator].

Note: Be careful, some DM adapters are for differential!

Alternative - No Internal CD-ROM

I attained a higher understanding of the blue mysteries when I decided to run an external CD-ROM. Take the SCSI HD out of C Bay and SIMMply stick it in B bay. Enable termination so it can be the last device on the SCSI bus.

The only clutter is the original floppy cable. I'll still use the original cable while grabbing some round clone floppy cables.

Top Routing of SCSI Cable

See the SCSI cable on top? Plenty of room under the blue air baffle. I tried sliding the HD into A bay, but the HD slide only goes in about 2/3ds of the way, then STOPS. The floppy slide's mounting holes are spaced differently than the HD slide.

The single device F/W cable is 06H6660.


Floppy Drives

Floppy Drive Cable

The Model 90 supports three diskette drives through the type 2 diskette controller. A cable with three diskette drive connectors (pin format not berg or edge connector) attaches directly to the planar. In an environment with two or three diskette drives installed, the specific connector that the diskette drive connects to determines its physical drive number. This is important in a selectable boot environment. All connectors support all diskette devices listed above, in any combination. The connector layout is different in the Model 90 and Model 95 systems:

Diskette Drive Signal Cable FRU 57F3030 -or- P/N 33F9953

Adapting Clone Cable to 40 Pin Port

   I picked up some sweet Vantec clone single floppy cables on ebuy. The space that the normal 90 floppy cable, with it's three device cable, is seriously cramped, even without the PSU support strut.This is a way to remove one 34 pin header, alter the cable, then crimp on a 40 pin plug.

Pay Attention!
The keys for both plugs are on the LEFT.
Pin 1 [red wire] HAS to be on the LEFT side.
Both plugs have the holes facing UP.

I don't know what happens if you miswire or swap orientation of the plugs. But you are placing signals where they weren't designed to go. YMMV.

Adapting a 34-pin Cable

   From the red wire (pin 1), count up 9 wires and slit about 2" from the 40 pin plug. Count up another seven wires, then slit about 2" from the 40 pin plug.

   Pull wires 10-16 (the ones you slit), and twist them 180 degrees [sets this floppy to A:]. Align the lower 9 wires, the twisted 7 wires, and the remaining wires through the 40 pin plug. Crimp. Trim excess with X-Acto knife or similar. Done.

Hard Drive Slides

The original Model 90 HD slide, 64F4863, fits C: and D:. There may be an earlier drive slide, 54592-001, Watson Code C-1961. The 54592 is about the same, except the lifting tab has square edges at the tip, while the 64F4863 lifting tab has a beveled edge at the tip...

61X8724 is the same length from latch to rear of 64F4863 slide, but the sides are about .25" longer to the front. Fits great, the cut-outs in the EMC bezel are not really needed.

64F4863 (Top) and 71G7506 (Bottom)

The 76/77 drive slide, 71G5706 (71F3300 appears to be earlier version) will not fit in C: (too long, plus catch is about .1 too long), BUT... BUT... if you slide the 76/77 slide into the D: bay, you will notice the frame recess is longer AND there are two sets of recesses for the catch at the front. Fits fine.

71G5706 left (D drive), 64F4863 right (C drive)

C drive bay left, D drive bay right

Now why did IBM do THAT? Two sets of drive retainer slots?

Perhaps... the DBA-ESDI drive sled fits the C bay, and IBM wanted you to be able to use the 56/57/76/77 drives in D?

Using a 71G5706 in D Bay

I seated a 71G5706. While the catch does not engage, it is a firm grip anyways, the EMC bezel is cut out at the corners AND has a cutout at the center where the longer catch fits snugly.

For those new to PS/2s, such a combination would seem miraculous, but I'd rather chalk it up to a pragmatic decision. If the slide remains the same, then alter the EMC bezel...

Calculate Hard Drive Mounting Screw Length for Model 90

If you ever loose your Model 90 Hard Drive mounting screws, here's some facts:

The Model 90 Hard Drive Slide has recessed screw pockets.
Pocket is .315" diameter. Normal #6-32 screw heads are .262" in diameter.
Pocket is .105" deep, higher screw heads will drag against the drive slide guide / base.
Web thickness above the screw head is .135"
Maximum depth of bottom HD mounting screws is 6mm [about .236"] deep into the HD.

So, let's calculate the MAXIMUM screw length for a HD mounting screw in a Model 90.

The screw looses .135 passing through the web of the drive SLIDE. Max depth for a vertical mounting screw INTO the HD is .236, so .135 + .236 is .371 MAXIMUM length.

Ed. 3/8" screws work just fine.

Hard-Disk Drive Removal Tool 64F4126

US5325264A Device for removing a direct access storage device from a personal computer This patent is for a plastic tool that pivots on the 90 plastic drive frame, hooks under the "lip" of the DBA-ESDI sled, and lifts the tab up and pulls the edgecard out of the planar socket...

So... that little plastic tool hanging off the inner rear wall of the Model 90 is specifically for a DBA-ESDI drive. They would normally NOT be supplied with a SCSI based system.

How to Remove HD Removal Tool

The tool has a set of barbed teeth at the top, which fit into "107". There is a hook which slides into "108". Pry the top out from the case and rotate the top of the tool forward, once the top is free, pull up and out.

Side View Tool Position, Inserted Tool Position, Drive Freed

Fitting Model 90 Planar over Rear Wall Port

If you are replacing a planar, the EMC bezel on the ports section fits OVER the top and UNDER the bottom of the well in the cast aluminum rear wall. See the cast-in aluminum fins, and the slits in the EMC bezel?

EMC Bezel Fit Over Ports Well

US5353202A PC with shielding of input/output signals

Model 90 Drive Slide Conductive Coating

While digging for some AMP F/W connectors and Specta-Strip SCSI cable, I found another Model 90 hard drive sled, 64F4863. Again, another sticker saying "ENSHIELD-C". So I went looking and sha-zaam!

"Electroplating is widely used for depositing a variety of metallic coatings onto plastic and metal substrates. Although most widely used for coating ABS or ABS blends many other plastics can now be coated. These include polypropylene, polysulfane, polyester, polycarbonate and other engineering resins. Electroplated coatings are unique in their ability to combine aesthetic appeal, wear and corrosion resistance with very high levels of shielding."

More info HERE.

Three Floppy Experience

   Just because people said it isn't done, I threw three 1.44MB floppies into my 9590. All three showed up under setup as 1.44MB drives. Under DOS, they are accessible as A:, B:, and D:. Under W95, it blows the mind of the IOS driver and Win95 says you must shut the system down and restart Windoze. But under safe mode, I was able to access and read off the D: floppy.

* Marked Floppy Drives on 8590s

   Older 8590s may have their floppy controllers FRIED if you use a 2.88MB floppy that has an asterisk (*) on the upper surface of the eject button. The 9590 is not affected by this charming quirk. There has to be an earlier floppy controller other than the 82077AA, which supports an asterisk marked floppy on my 9590.


Memory Riser Card Support Bracket

There *must* be a plastic Support Bracket clipped over the 2 (two!) memory riser boards to properly fix them. This part is called "memory riser card support bracket" and is FRU 57F3029 (black) or 64F5752 (white). It also has a "bay" to guide the SCSI-cable surface wave filter (that large heavy ferro-oxide block).

White Memory Riser Bracket (64F5752)
Ferrite Filter on Memory Riser Bracket

Further Super High Intensity Tinkering with the Memory Riser Bracket show it does two basic functions first, retain the memory risers in the planar sockets, second, provide a space for the SCSI EMI filter.

The retaining function covers keeping the risers down in the sockets via the bracket's fit against the underside of the cover. The other part is keeping the top of the risers from rocking back and forth between the complex and PSU.


Memory Riser Position


Mounting Model 90 Vertically

   Vertical mounting of the PS/2 Model 9590 requires an appropriate fixture. The Model 90 left side vents point downward, with a minimum of one inch (25.4mm) between the vents and the supporting fixture.


9595 Main Page