Lacuna Planar

7677ref.exe 76/77 Reference Diskette Version 3.10
7677diag.exe 76/77 Diagnostics Diskette

7677flsh.exe 76/77 BIOS Revision Level 7 (Build 59A)
g7jt60a.exe 76/77 BIOS Revision Level 8 (Build 60A)
g7jt61a.exe 76/77 BIOS Revision Level 9 (Build 61A)

7677dosd IBM Enhanced Local Bus DOS/Win 3.1 driver disk
S3 928 Windows 95 drivers disk
Win95-Setup for S3-928 From Peter Wendt's site

86C928 GUI Accelerator (202 pages, datasheet/programming)

486 Interposers and Upgrades

Lacuna Planar
Lacuna Versions
Lacuna Riser Cards
Flash BIOS Update Disk
   BIOS Revisions
   Can't Access System Partition
CPU Voltage
   Installing a 5 V CPU (Jumper Setting)
   Installing an 83 or 63 MHz POD
   Installing a 3.45 V CPU
Voltage Regulator Module (VRM)
   VRM Connector Pinout
   VRM Circuit Diagram
   VRM Hack
Interposer for POD
Dirty Secrets of the POD

IDE Devices
   IDE Hard Drive
   Large Hard Drives
   IDE Capabilities
   IDE Header
   Boot Sequence
   IDE CD-ROM
   IDE CD-R Burner
   IDE Zip Drive
Parallel Port
   ECP Support
   Direct Cable Connection under 95
   "!" Under 95
Video
   S3-928 Trivia
   800x600x64k under W95
   AVE Slot
   Video Adapters under W95
   Lacuna Video Glitch
   Mediaburst Module
Cache Modules
   Compatible Cache Sources
   Installing and Removing Cache
   L2 Cache Module Identification
Overclocking the Lacuna board
Early Lacuna Streaming Limitations
Speaker Noise


Lacuna Planar (76/77 i/s)

J1 Mouse Port
J2 Keyboard Port
J3 Parallel Port
J4 Serial Port A
J5 Serial Port B
J6 Video Port
J9 Video Memory Socket
J10 SIMM Socket 4
J11 SIMM Socket 3
J13 SIMM Socket 2
J14 SIMM Socket 1
J15 MCA Riser Slot
J16 IDE Connector (40-pin)
J17 Floppy Connector (44-pin)
J19 Voltage Selection/VRM Header
J20 Power Supply Connector (P1)
J21 Front Panel Connector
J22 Power Supply Connector (P2)
J23 LogicLock Connector
JMP1 (J7) Power-On Password
JMP2 (J8) Privileged-Access Password
JMP3 (J12) CPU Speed Select
OS1 66.6667 MHz Osc (CPU Bus Clock)
R6 Keyboard Fuse (PTC Resistor)
U11,12 IBM025160LG5B-70 VRAM
U15 10G4672 (I/O, Interrupt Ctrl.)
U16 68G3088 PAL
U18 AT&T ATT20C490-11 RAMDAC
U20 S3 86C928-P GUI Accelerator
U28 ICS ICS1494M Video Clock Gen.
U30 237-pin ZIF Socket 3
U31 52G7656 Toshiba TC14L040AF
U39 95G9659 PAL
U40 ST93C46A 1kbit EEPROM (PAP etc.)
U47 68G3096 PAL
U51 L2 Cache Socket
U57 82077SL Floppy Controller
U58 Dallas DS1585S RTC
U65 95G9689 PAL
U71 ICS AV9128-38CW20 Freq. Gen.
U74 71G0438 System Controller
U75 Flash ROM BIOS 96G1062
U76 Flash ROM BIOS 96G1061
VR1 LT1085CT Voltage Regulator
Y1 14.3 KHz (K?!) Crystal (adapters)
Y2 32.768 KHz Crystal (RTC)

JMP1 is the Power-On Password jumper. The POP can be cleared by moving the jumper to the other set of pins, then powering on. After power on, you can leave the jumper on the pins that you moved it to.

JMP2 is the Privileged Access Password jumper.
Locked State: jumper across middle pin - pin 1 PAP cannot be set, changed, or removed.
Change State: jumper across pin 0 - middle pin PAP can be set, changed, or removed.

U15 10G4672 integrates interrupt controller, and drives most of the external I/O - keyboard and mouse, both serial ports, and the parallel port.

VR1 LT1085CT Adjustable Voltage Regulator with max. output current 3.0 A. The regulator is set to 3.56 V and powers the System Controller (U74).

My humble suggestion - DON'T SET THE PAP! If you forget the PAP, only the last saved configuration is valid. You will never be able to successfully change the configuration again. The PAP function involves writing the state to an unknown area of the NVRAM and another memory chip. If the PAP is dorked, for all intents the planar is hosed.


Memory

RAM:
   4 MB, 8 MB and 16 MB 70 ns SIMMs, Parity or ECC.

ROM:
   256 KB (2 x 128 KB) Flash ROM

Cache:
   L1: 8 KB (486SX/SX2/DX2), 16 KB (486DX4)
   L2: Optional L2 cache module, 128 KB or 256 KB


Lacuna Versions

There were several versions of the "Lacuna" board:

  • (95G9691) 486DX-25 MHz only (not streaming transfer capable)
  • (96G1305) 486DX-25 / 486DX-33 MHz switchable (J14 upper left of U49)
  • (95G9692) 486DX-33 MHz


Lacuna Riser Cards

Lacuna 76 Riser FRU 68G2706

BT1 CR2032 Battery
J1 32-bit MCA slot with Auxiliary Video Extension (AVE)
J2, J3 32-bit MCA slots
SC Spring Clip that presses up against bus adapter support


Flash BIOS Update Disk

The 7677 FLASH Disk is for the Lacuna planar. Older Model 76 and 77 have the Bermuda planar which does *not* have FLASH BIOS.

BIOS Revisions

Flash BIOS Revisions:

Level 03: Original release

Level 04: Contains the following enhancements:

  1. Third Party Video Adapter enhancements
    A monitor attached to a 9576 or 9577 with a Cornerstone ImageAccel Adapter displays a white screen during POST. This was fixed with Flash BIOS rev 04 on.  The terminator, shipped with the ImageAccel, must also be installed.

Level 05: Contains the following enhancements:

  1. Electronic eject floppy diskette drive compatibility
  2. Image/I Adapter/A compatibility
  3. Melco 1.44 floppy diskette drive compatibility
       [Fixes 605 POST error with Melco floppy OEM'd for IBM, FRU P/N 85F0050]

Level 07: ?

Level 08: ? Fixes "IRQ 00 Not Being Serviced" Errors In Error Log

BIOS Revision Notes & Experiences

Charles Lasitter:
   So how did anyone figure that "8" was an improvement, other than Y2K? I'm guessing that "4" would have worked after a manual reset.

Peter Wendt:
   The later BIOS releases after 02 / 03 contain some few fixes for the nasty Booktree RAMDAC problems that cause checkerboard / yellow / half-screen-black / speckled ASCII-garbage video errors under OS/2 and give additional "over 524MB IDE support". Haven't read all the accompanying comments :-)

Jim Shorney:
   Hmm... Just checked. My Lacuna is Rev. 7, happily running a POD 83, write-back, no interposer. Guess I'll leave it at seven.

Can't Access System Partition on 76s (maybe others)

   On the 76i / 77i with the Lacuna planar (and planar IDE, S3-928 SVGA) the "system partition" is only for convenience - but it is not required for getting parts of the BIOS into the memory as on the older 76 / 77 with the "Bermuda" planar.
   The 76i / 77i are "non-IML" machines and do not support a "real system partition" anyway - they just offer the ability to "park" the reference and diagnostic disk for easier access on the harddisk. Otherwise called a Convenience partition.

   Ed. But they DO support a Convenience Partition IF you use an IBM SCSI adapter (NOT the FD SCSI-2 that is standard). To install a Convenience Partition and be able to access it, you have to LLF the drive and then restore the partition. Just running "Restore System Partition" without LLFing the drive first will result in the system refusing to access the partition. I have a Fast/Wide in my 77s, and I can bring up the Convenience partition with F1. So much better when you have a huge pile of poorly titled or untitled floppies on your desk...

   However: I had similar problems getting a system partition on the drive. There had been one once on your drive (the unused 4MB space) but it has been loused up by what reason - same what happened to me. In this case the MBR of this "hidden" partition is invalid and cannot be used any longer. Therefore "Restore system partition" does not work. The only way to get it back is in fact a Low-Level format. In fact the order is important.

   You need to install the system partition first, *then* run FDISK from any other operating system. Some FDISKs (like that from OS/2 2.x) do not always accept the "system partition" as hidden ... :-) ... and simply overwrite it or corrupt the boot / MBR information. OS/2 2.1 CID installation was famed for lousing up the system partition on the 76i / 77i.

   My recommendation: If you already have a lot stuff on the drive - leave it as it is. If you'd only installed the Win95 so far - mind running the LLFORMAT and install a system partition. You need to start with the reference in A: and press CTRL+A in the main menu to start (A)dvanced Diagnostic. Then run "Format harddisk" and follow the instructions on the screen. Reboot after finish - restart with the reference disk and run "Restore system partition". Worked fine when I tried it last time...


CPU Voltage

Installing a 5 V CPU

Jumper 3-4, 5-6, 7-8 (pin-9 = key, missing).

Installing an 83 or 63 MHz Pentium Overdrive Processor

   Diags Level G7GT55A or higher and interposer required. Jumpers in J19 must be set for a 5 V CPU (the POD has a built in 5 V to 3.45 V regulator)

Installing a 3.45 V CPU

   Remove the jumpers. Install VRM.

VRM Connector Pinout

PinDescription
1Presence Detect. / Sense?
2Ground (GND)
3, 5, 7VRM Input Voltage (5 V)
4, 6, 8VRM Output Voltage (3.45 V)
9Key / Missing
10Not Connected

Voltage Regulator Module (VRM) FRU 06H3011, PN 06H3010

   The Voltage Regulator Module (VRM), made especially for the 9576/77i system board. It is used to reduce the CPU core voltage from 5.0 V to 3.45 V. That makes it possible to put an Intel 486DX4/100 or AMD 5x86/P75 CPU on the board to upgrade the performance.

U1 LT1085CT Voltage Regulator
R1 1.5 kΩ 1/4 W 5% mf
R2 200 Ω 1/4 W 1% mf
R3 348 Ω 1/4 W 1% mf
CR1 1N4001
C4 10 uF 50 V 105 C
C5 220 uF 16 V (25 V) 105 C
C6 220 uF 16 V (25 V) 105 C
C7 220 uF 16 V (25 V) 105 C
C8 10 uF 50 V 105 C
(mf - Metal film resistor)

VRM Circuit Diagram


(Click on the picture for a hi-res version)

   Ed: Tom: The original diagram by J. Shorney had all the input and output pins swapped! This is now corrected (with some other minor adjustments).

Jim Shorney says:
   R2 and R3 should be 1% or better precision resistors, since they set the output voltage of the regulator.
   Note: Don't substitute a 'close' standard value for R3. If you don't have access to the exact value; a 300 ohm resistor in series with a 100 ohm trimpot could be substituted for R3 to allow fine trim of the regulator voltage.

   The formula for calculating the resistors is in the regulator datasheet. Use the simpler formula that ignores reference current.

VRM Hack

   Alfred Arnold shared his experience. (original)

Interposer

   Interposer is required to properly support L2 cache on a number of systems. Sometimes, even an interposer isn't enough... 19x19 pin - PGA socket (top-view) Push out the identified pin using a solder iron.

From Tam Thi Pham:
   Tested out a custom home-brew interposer with the "missing" pin as shown and lo and behold, I can now enable write-back caching on the 256K cache module when run a Pentium 83 MHz Overdrive. Previously, I could use the POD but only with the cache set to write-through.

Note: Some systems do NOT accept ANY L2 cache modules. I have three Lacunas, none of them supported any of the IBM marked modules or IDT modules. Other people (Bob Watts among others) just seem to drop a POD in their machine, toss in any old L2 module, and it comes up happy. It is NOT the fault of the interposer. Read below for details.

Dirty Secrets of the POD (From Peter)

   The whole Pentium Overdrive debacle was a mess from the beginning, with Intel changing specs and making motherboard manufacturer's and BIOS writers crazy. And Louis tried every BIOS level and revision I'm sure.

   In fact they changed the PODP specs shortly before announcement. This L2 communication problem shows up on all these machines where the design work starts in early 1993. At IBM these are namely the PC-300 and the "Lacuna". In a way the PODP was the Edsel of the processors: good idea, bad marketing - and outdated in the right after announcement. Intel hurried it a bit - when the problems showed up the major work was already done for the board-makers.

   The main reason AFAIK: the original concept did not include boards with L2 WB-cache ... the most of the older boards did not have L2 - and if, then it were simple WT-cache. The problem got sharpened with the introduction of the "COAST" specification originally designed for "real Pentiums", when it got adopted by the 486/POPD developers. Good example: the PS/VP Series 2. A straight 486-board with cache SIMM. That wasn't planned that way.


Method for Interrupt Sharing with IDE Hard Files in IBM PS/2 Systems

From IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin (June 1994) (priorart.ip.com)

(Ed.: low-res version here)

   Disclosed is a method that allows the interrupt request of an IDE hardfile to be shared with another device (e.g., SCSI hardfile) on interrupt level 14 within an IBM PS/2* system.

   The interrupt request (IRQ) of an IDE interface was designed to be on a non-shared interrupt level. According to PS/2 Micro Channel* system architecture, all hardfile IRQs are shared on interrupt level 14. In a Micro Channel computer system that supports both an IDE hardfile and a SCSI hardfile, a problem arises. The essence of the problem is that because the IDE interface IRQ was designed to be non-sharing, no IRQ "indicator bit" exists in any of the IDE status registers. In order for interrupt handling software to determine which of two or more devices sharing an IRQ level is the requesting device, an IRQ "indicator bit" or status bit is needed. The Figure shows a simple solution to provide the IRQ "indicator bit".

   To provide the IRQ "indicator bit" for the Micro Channel IDE interface, bit 2 of port 92 was selected. In previous systems bit 2 (port 92) was connected to a pin in the I/O controller chip called SECURITY OVERRIDE. SECURITY OVERRIDE is a signal that can be mechanically jumpered to ground by a customer engineer to override and reset the system password. It sets port 92 bit 2 which is read by POST during system power-up initialization. In normal functional operation, SECURITY OVERRIDE is a static signal tied to +5V. Because SECURITY OVERRIDE will only be jumpered to ground in the unlikely and infrequent case of a customer engineer making a repair to a PS/2 system, bit 2 of port 92 is multiplexed to monitor the IDE IRQ14 line and serve as the needed "indicator bit" as shown in the Figure. The enable for the multiplexer is bit 4 of port E3 which is an output (ROM_PAGE) from the memory controller. During POST initialization, bit 4 of port E3 is set to 0, and the SECURITY OVERRIDE signal is selected and its polarity can be read from bit 2 of port 92. After the necessary testing and initializations have been done, bit 4 in port E3 is set to a 1 before exiting POST. IDE IRQ14 is then selected through the mux shown in the Figure and latched with a free-running clock into bit 2 of port 92. Bit 2 of port 92 then functions as the IDE IRQ "indicator bit".


IDE Hard Drive

I used these to run a WD2540 in 32 bit mode Same as above, Manual installation.

   Standard IDE/ESDI HD Controller
   IO Range 01F0-01F7
   IO Range 03F6-03F6
   IRQ 14

Though others have successfully used the Busmaster IDE HD controller. When I set up the 540, it was for an ISA/PCI machine with built-in IDE controller. I was looking for as much compatibility as possible.

Large Hard Drives

From Michael Lybarger:
   I just installed a Maxtor 10.2 gig "Diamondmax" 7200 rpm unit on my 77s and upgraded to win 98 (from 95). I could not get the hard drive, CD-ROM or floppy drive (!) to run with a protected mode driver, as they did with my previous configuration (using 2 SCSI 270 MB drives instead of the big IDE and one SCSI I have now).

   First I tried to use FDISK, (the latest version, that supports 32 bit), but it would not allow me a partition bigger than 7.23 gig or something like that. I do not know the reason for this. Anyway, the max blast program worked great- I got the whole 10.2 gig (which was the primary reason for going to win98 anyway- 95a does not support a 32 bit FAT). As I said, once I got it set up properly on IRQ 14, It ran in protected mode with the windows driver.

From Ron Doran:
   I have recently had great success with on 850MB Western Digital IDE drive on the connector with no formatting problems, but the machine puked when I tried 2 different 1024MB Seagate drives on it. (puked=low level format) ;)

From Peter:
   If you have a BIOS revision 07 or 08 even if you have a drive over 4GB you don't need a disk-manager... you only cannot install a convenience partition on that drive. My 9577-BTG has a 4.51 GB Seagate Barracuda installed. Works fine - but I have to fiddle around with the ref and diags floppies once I change something.

IDE Controller Capabilities

The on-board IDE is a "single channel" IDE but rumors say BIOS 08 is capable to handle drives over 528 MB, mine at home currently runs with a 650 MB, so it is in a way a "half EIDE" interface. Pretty strange.

IDE Planar Header (Where's pin 1?)

   Based on personal experience, the IDE header on the Lacuna planar uses a polarized plug. BUT look at the header- it uses TWO keys, one near each end. If you have the common IDE polarized plug on your cable, it has ONE centrally located key....

   Luckily, I found a non-polarized plug (no keys at all). All you ISA/PCI veterans know what to do if the system refuses to boot - check the cable pin 1. (I just turned the cable 180, plugged it in, and it booted.)

   If you do not have the uncommon dual key plug, simply use a file or a sharp knife and remove the polarizing key off an IDE cable you have laying around. Note that Pin 1 is toward the riser! Look at the planar illustration. The red marked wire goes toward the riser!

From Dr. Jim:
   If an IDE data cable is plugged in backwards, it can hold the reset line on the motherboard down. The result is a motherboard that appears dead.

From Martin Adams:
   I tried to install an IDE CD drive. I had read all the stuff on Louis page on installing a IDE CD. And reviewed all of Bob Watts notes, looked very easy. I had a cable with out any external key so it would fit in the weird double keyed socket. (Ed. Look directly above this paragraph!)

   I had the drive set as master, but what ever I did, 3 different cables 3 different IDE CD's. Another planner. Nothing would work. Damn drive door wouldn't even open.

   I was looking at the planner and it hit me. I had assumed that pin 1 for the IDE port was on the same end as the FDD cable. I noticed one of the middle pins that was cut for use of a cable the was plugged to act as a key.

   I had been hooking up the cable on the planer backwards all the time! So note pin one for the IDE is towards the riser card.

Boot Sequence

The "Lacuna" board has a 40-pin single-channel IDE controller port just above the FDD-port. It nicely takes harddisks over 524MB if the Flash BIOS release is 08 or 09 (G7GT61A).

   The IDE-channel accepts two devices in the usual master / slave configuration on a standard IDE-cable. There is however some care required if you want to use it simultaneously with the SCSI adapter. You need to set the boot-sequence in the "features" properly - to avoid problems when the system tries to boot from an IDE CD-ROM... :-)


IDE CD-ROM on 76/77 i/s

   I recently bought an IDE CD-ROM for a 9577 (VTG). I connected it on the motherboard IDE controller. It works correctly under DOS with the following commands:

CONFIG.SYS: DEVICE=BTCDROM.SYS /D:MSCD001
AUTOEXEC.BAT C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\MSCDEX.EXE /D:MSCD001 /V

But when I try to start Windows 95, everything STOP during initialization of Windows.

Morten Kristensen:
   You have to manually install an IDE driver in Win95. Control Panel -> Add New Hardware. Do not let Windows find it automatically! Add an Standard IDE/ESDI Harddisk Controller, IRQ=14, I/O=0x170 (maybe it is 0x1F0). Now you are able to use the CD-ROM without DOS-drivers.

IDE CD-R Burner

   I have the IDE version of the Model 9576. I want to add an IDE based CD-Reader Writer BUT can't get the reference program to recognize the fact that something is there.

Peter responds:
   Uhm, do you still use the IDE port for a harddisk ? If so: check if the harddisk requires a particular jumpering for "Master with a Slave". "Single Drive" should be avoided consequently :-)

   If you don't have a HD on the IDE port: jumper the CD-burner as "Master". The IDE port often dislikes the use of a "Slave only" configuration. And check your systems' BIOS level. Those before 07 had several limitations on the type of supported devices / drive sizes. Take 08 at least.

IDE ZIP + Lacuna

From Bob Watts:
   Since the Iomega ZIP drive is an ATAPI compliant device, I was pretty sure it would work, but you never know. I simply plugged it into my IDE cable, and Windows 95 OSR2 found it and installed it instantly with no problem.

   For further information, an IDE CD-ROM device was previously on this cable, and it is jumpered as Master, and the ZIP drive is jumpered as Slave. Also, an IBM 0662 1 gig SCSI drive is the boot drive, on the factory installed Future Domain controller.


Video

S3 928 Video Drivers

S3 and Diamond merged, lookit HERE.

S3-928 Trivia

Peter implies:
1. The S3-928 version used in the Lacuna contains a "special" IBM video BIOS that includes all XGA-2 modes to allow the use of 951x monitors with that machine.

2. The S3-928 cannot be disabled physically. It goes in some sort of "sleep mode" when another VGA / SVGA capable card is detected - nonetheless parts of the card is still activated and *may* cause trouble.

   Not confirmed: the early BIOS releases below 07 seem to be more vulnerable to video disturbances with S3 and other video cards. One thing IBM tried to fix with 07. In either case you better use a BIOS 08 - also for the "over 524MB HD" capability.

3. The XGA-2 card has not been announced to be used with the "Lacuna" series anyway. IBM seems to have removed the card from the list, because in the first announcement of the 76i / 77i the XGA-2 is still listed - not in the later product / option matrices and product descriptions on the "Lacuna".

4. The 9515 and 9517 monitors are not 800 x 600 capable *per IBM*. They can be tweaked to show an 800 x 600 like picture, but it is distorted and the monitors have no explicit mode for it. These screens are "XGA-2 only" Multi-Mode screens with fixed adjusted presets. They are no Multisyncs.

   If you want to run the Lacuna with most of the possible modes switch to a 9525 or 9527 monitor. Or any other good SVGA screen. I run my "workhorse" 9595-S30 with XGA-2 on an Eizo F35, the 9577-BTG runs with a NEC 15XE and both do fine.

5. Nonetheless the XGA-2 (at least) will run in a Lacuna. There might be some interference to clear out manually during OS installs, which is the primary video system. This is usually the one with the monitor attached. In 99% of all cases OS'es get that right - but sometimes the on-board video is ranked higher and the OS gets confused. (Haven't seen that too often to be true - but can happen).

800x640x64k under W95

   The onboard-video chipset is a S3-928 SVGA. The box runs nicely with Win 95 - will most likely also run nice with Win98, since it has IDE and not IBM MCA SCSI (which is only merely supported with 98). To install the appropriate drivers for DOS/Win 3.x / Win95 see the "W95 Setup for S3 SVGA" setup page. This will enable your machine to use the full potential of the S3 chipset.

AVE Slot

   Display adapter cards that use the Auxiliary Video Extension when installed in a system require installation in slot one (9576) or slot two (9577) and attachment of a display to the system video connector during configuration of the system.

Video Adapters under W95

   There is no way I know of disabling the on-board video. W95 says there is a conflict, but none shows up under Device Mangler. You cannot successfully configure the add-in video card.

Lacuna Video Glitch

> I have a 77s that has displayed a charming quirk- it waves the top half inch of the screen. Not all the time, but...

   Please check the type of the Video RAMDAC - and the origin of the S3 chip. Some Thailand-S3s have internal bugs using an earlier stepping mask. The RamDac should be the AT&T in this case. These were the machines that cause massive faults under OS/2 2.1...

   The S3 chips are famed for a lot "undocumented features" (like using an address for COM4 (? yes - think so)) and this chipset is -basically- a VESA Local Bus chipset which is stitched in the Lacuna planar with a hot needle.

> IIRC, the last three digits of one of the S3's I/O ports is 2e8. Like B2e8h or something

Yep. That was it.

> If I understand this correctly, it wasn't S3's fault that some com port hardware did faulty address decoding.

Yes and No. On MCA it wouldn't have been too bad, because MCA *should* use a full decoding (or: 24 bits at least, 16 bit for the I/O range), but -again- the VLB chipset was a little buggy already, before IBM decided to put that on a MCA platform. Who's to blame ? S3 -in addition- delivered chipsets which were out of specs for some series which made things worse than it already was.

> The workaround was to not use com4/2e8 if possible, or to remap com4 to a different address if it was really needed.

IBM's COM3 - 4 ports on the PS/2 were not "XT-style" so this COM/Video interference wasn't much of a problem here. It was *much* worse on the "Rocket" PS/VP Series 3, which were PCI/ISA with more generic layout and addresses. They used S3 chipsets too...

> I have seen Lacunas with S3-928 Rev. G and Rev. P. Seen both kind with either a BT or AT&T DAC also.

Most likely the -G- revisions are afflicted by what IBM euphemistically called "video timing glitch"... which cause the entire machine to crash under OS/2. IBM offered various bug-fixes for OS/2 2.1 and tried to fix the problem with modified hardware as well, which lead to slight incompatibilities with driver versions. The drivers for the original (un-fixed) 2.1 did not work very well with these machines. The APARs offered for Germany were... now... not so good. The US-APARs seem to be better, but you should not mix different language versions within any OS. The later series of the "Lacuna" seemed to be more stable and especially with OS/2 Warp the problems rarely occurred.

   Some machines that have been migrated to Win95 show up odd effects recently. Especially when switching to and from DOS-boxes into full-screen hi-res modes may cause the system to hang, fall into GPF or show odd colored icons / missing icons / speckled screen etc. This seems to be caused by a faulty, out-of-time palette read... haven't noticed that on my machine, so I guess the -P- level of the S3 seems to be stabilized.


Mediaburst Module FRU 71G5839

mediabst.exe DOS/Windows drivers
mediaos2.exe OS/2 2.11 drivers
mediaos2.txt readme for Mediaos2.exe

CN1 Male 68 pin VMB
U1, U2 Solder pads
U3 Vialogic VL i110 A (PowerPlay 32)
X1 32.000 MHz
X2 25.000 MHz

   MediaBurst Movie Adapter expands up to four times the window size of many software motion-video compression algorithms, such as Video for Windows or Ultimotion(TM), and provides access to the VESA Media Channel (VMC)

   The MediaBurst Movie device driver uses the PowerPlay 32 video accelerator chip to provide enhanced playback of digital video. This allows viewing of video clips in larger-sized windows or full-screen without the degradation in speed and picture quality usually associated with software motion video.

Key features of the MediaBurst Movie option include:

  • Full-screen video at up to 30 frames per second (fps)
  • Smooth scaling of the video image for better picture quality
  • Support for IBM OS/2 MMPM/2 and Microsoft Video for Windows movie formats:
    • INDEO 2.1, 3.1
    • Ultimotion
    • Audio Video Interleave (AVI)

Resolution Supported By Mediaburst Option:

        Graphics      AVI File      Video        Smooth
       Mode Colors    Format     Acceleration    Scaling
     ---------------------------------------------------
         16           ALL          No             No
         256          8-bit        Yes            No
                      palletized
         256          All Others   No             No
         64K          All          Yes            Yes
         16M          All          No             No

My thanks to Brad Parker for ripping apart his 77s and sending me a scan.


Parallel Port

ECP Support

Does the 77i even support ECP? My printer/CD/ZIP drive doesn't work...

From Peter:

Do the following:

  • boot into reference (either disk or system partition if one installed)
  • enter "Set configuration"
  • find the "Parallel Port DMA" and set it to "Disable".
  • press [F10] to store the config... [F3]/[F3] to leave.

   That should fix the problem. The 9577 -as most PS/2- has a "DMA-arbitrated" LPT-port, which is neither ECP nor EPP, only "sort of". The "Disable" directs the machine not to use DMA during bi-directional transfers and use a contiguous data-stream.

   The DMA-mode tends to miss returning signals from PP-devices especially PP CD-ROMs, Tapes and Zip-Drives. Some printer-drivers use the bi-directional communication to signal details from the printer back to the computer.

Direct Connection under W95

   Yes it does work. I even used the ECP port setting with the parallel cable. Both ports were at Parallel 2, and DMA Arbitration 1.

   For a detailed description of the DCC process, 95 to 95, 95 to 3.1x, etc. check out Connect Pages at Kime.Net (dead, archived copy).

Parallel Port "!" under W95 with Audiovation

   I was thinking way too hard on this. The default choice for W95 to assign an IO Range for a MCA parallel port is 3BC-3BE. BUT this conflicts with the first memory range of the S3 928 (check resources, the first range is 3B00-3BFF). Set your parallel port to "parallel 2" under system programs, which is the standard 378-37D address. Then under W9x, set the IO range to 378-37A. "!" goes away.


Cache Modules

Compatible Cache Sources

From Aron Eisenpress:
   Aron, spare me some pointless pondering. The two IDT L2 cache modules are for WHAT VP system(s)?

Sorry, let me be more clear!
   The Lacuna cache modules physically fit the ValuePoint 2 systems - the 6382/S, 6384/D, and 6387/T (not the 6384's with 30-pin SIMMs, which are so-called VP 1's, nor the Pentium-60's, nor the Si or "Performance" models).

Here are *all* the IDT modules I know about:

  • 7MP6104: 128 KB WT for Lacuna, as has been mentioned.
  • 7MP6107: 128 KB WB for VP2; works fine there.
  • 7MP6108: 256 KB WB for VP2; works fine in WT but not reliable in WB mode. I didn't have a Lacuna to test this in then.
  • 7MP6150: 256 KB WB for VP2; seems to work well.
  • 7MP6155: 256 KB, I think it's WT. This does not work properly in the VP2 with a CPU faster than a 486DX33, and when I tried it in the 76s it worked but I got a message saying that the copy of the FAT in memory was bad... so I don't think it works properly there either! Maybe the chips are too slow or something. We got these as add-ons at the time we bought a bunch of VP2 DX33's, so I presume they're supposed to work in them.
  • 7MP6188: 128k, WT. Seems to work in the 76s and also in the VP2.
  • ? There's another one which is 256 KB WB and worked fine in my 6382/S but I can't seem to find a record of what the number was and I no longer have that system.

Installing Cache Module

   Note the notch on the bottom of the module on the corner. Now look at the cache socket. Notice the white plastic part that seems to be useless? It isn't. Insert the cache module so that the notch is towards the white latch. If you want to remove the cache module, pull up on the white latch (it's a captive part!) until the notched corner of the cache module is pushed out of the socket. Neat-o, isn't it? (Works fine in my 9585-xNx, but there isn't enough room in the 77s case to effectively pull up on the latch...)


L2 Cache Modules

Cypress 128KB L2 Cache PN 06H3306
Cypress 128KB L2 Cache PN 06H3306
 
Cypress 256K L2 Cache PN 06H3307
Cypress 256K L2 Cache PN 06H3307
 
IDT 128K Write Through IDT7MP6104
IDT 128K Write Through IDT7MP6104
 
IDT 256KB WB 7MP6150
IDT 256KB WB 7MP6150
 
IDT 256KB WB 7MP6108
IDT 256KB WB 7MP6108

   There has been a number of efforts to deduce the proper choice of WT/WB with certain processors. But if you search the newsgroup, some boards work one way, then move the CPU and cache to another board, and it bombs. Whatever works for you...


Overclocking the Lacuna board

From Zp Gu:
   This mod is relatively easy. I changed the 66.667 MHz Osc to an 80 MHz surface mount crystal osc. from Digikey and the board is now running an AMD-133 at 160 MHz without any problem.

   The board actually has 4 thru-holes under the Osc, but IBM chose to put an SMD instead of a half size socket. Socket would have made life much easier. I didn't attempt to put a socket there since I don't have the right equipment/skill to do so. I just soldered a surface mount 80 MHz to its place.

   Putting a POD83 in failed POST. I can't imagine Intel being so tight on this, but maybe it's just my bad luck. Running it at 83 MHz was no problem.

From Peter Wendt:
   My 9577-BTG chokes at power on with a 2401 "platform video error". Obviously my S3-928 chipset dislikes the 40 MHz base clock. On attempting to bypass the error with [F1] - "Start operating system" the system hangs with a GPF-screen at Win95 logon ... or rebooted after the network adapter tried to insert into the TR-network.

   The effect was much worse with the Kingston Turbochip - but also noticeable with the original DX4-100... where in addition the VRM turned really hot ! Significantly hotter than under normal operation - a sign that the power drawn from the DX4 at 40 MHz is "a little bit" higher than at 33 MHz.

   I had only a "full size" oscillator and needed to build a sort of "adapter" from half-size holes to full-size socket. But that's a minor problem. *Then* I needed to solder an adapter for the original 66.6667 MHz SMD-crystal... Aaak!

   Anyone tried that modification with a "Bermuda" ? These have MCA XGA-2 cards and no "local bus video" as the "Lacuna". Should work a bit better there... probably.

From Zp Gu:
   This is definitely another warning to anyone who contemplates the mod. You can't apply enough disclaimers to this kind soldering. Mine has no VRM, originally DX2/66 with ATT20C490-11 DAC. The cache module feels very warm. But then again, it's always very hot to the touch. I believe you can't set Kingston TurboChip's level-1 cache to WB, hence it's the most compatible upgrade (and least performing).

From Peter Wendt:
   Mine has the Booktree Bt495 RAMDAC... the cache module is the IDT 256K WT/WB with the IBM decals (tested in both modes and without - no change). It already gets really hot during operation - even with the standard 486DX4.


Early Lacuna Streaming Limitations (source)

   LanStreamer and EtherStreamer adapter don't work in 76i/77i with 25 MHz planar (FRU P/N 95G9691).

   Streaming mode adapter cards are not supported for use with 76i/77i systems fitted with 25 MHz planar. The problem is caused by a limitation of the level of Bus Interface Controller chip used on this planar. Replace the systemboard FRU P/N 95G9691 with FRU P/N 96G1305. (Identification - 95G9691 = 'yellow' / 96G1305 = 'blue' "SynchroStream Controller".)

Peter said:
   The SPD jumper to the left of the CPU-socket sets the processor base clock of 25 or 33 MHz - it is only present on the 25 MHz planars as far as I know. These can be switched up to 33, but the 33 MHz planars cannot be switched down to 25 MHz (wonder why !). You will have to set the multiplier jumper to 3X when you use the board in the setting with 33 MHz. The 4x / 25 MHz setting will also work - but the accesses on the board level might be a bit slower.

   The 25 MHz boards are afflicted by a flaw in the "SynchroStream Controller": a large yellow or blue chip somewhere in the middle of the board. If yours is P/N 95G9691 and has the yellow SynchroStream Controller it might not work with the faster network adapters of the IBM Streamer series. If it is P/N 96G1305 and has the blue SynchroStream Controller it is not afflicted by this misbehaviour. In "normal life" this has no affect however - you only will take notice if you use adapters that use the 80 MB/s high speed data streaming.


Speaker Noise

From Peter:
   When the Lacunas came out there was a series of falsely wired "speaker /power switch / LED" units - which had the speaker wired to +5 V DC of the HD activity LED instead to GND. Now - these machines made a lot noise when accessing the harddisk :-)


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